TIS berry from the Red Book Description and photo

Berry tice a tree, characterized by a large life span, which is from 1.5 to 4 thousand years. This feature is explained by its slow growth. The height very often does not exceed 20 meters, it is extremely rare to grow to 28 meters.

Mostly growing in Europe. Other places of existence are considered to be:

  • Norway and Sweden;
  • Aland Islands;
  • Africa and Iran;
  • South-West of Asia;
  • Carpathians and Crimea;
  • Caucasus.
  • It grows mainly on the plains, but can also occur at an altitude of up to 2000 meters.

    TIS berry from the Red Book Description and photo

    Biological description

    Berry TIS is a low tree, the diameter of which can reach one and a half meters. The crown has an ovoid-cylindrical shape-at the same time it is very gust and very often multi-versed.

    The bark of a reddish-gray shade, can be either smooth or plate. The kidneys are often stupid, t.e. round or oval shape. Color is light brown, while there are a few scales on them.

    The barrel is densely covered by sleeping buds, which often form side shoots. The needles reaches a length of 35 millimeters, and in width 2.5 millimeters. A pronounced vein is present on it on top of it, while the needles along the edge are slightly fascinated and naked. On top the light of the needles is dark green and shiny, and below it is dull and pale green.

    Pollen cones single. They are formed in the sinuses of needles, each has up to 8 sporangia. Seed cones are also single, have one straight sequenary, which is surrounded by roofing it gradually grows into a fleshy roller of raspberry color. Seeds are solid, brown and oval in shape.

    It is worth noting that all parts of such a plant are poisonous, the only exception is the Arylus or roofing.

    Areas of application

    Such a tree is often used in:

    TIS berry from the Red Book Description and photo
  • construction;
  • turning;
  • creating musical instruments;
  • parking lots;
  • furniture;
  • Medicine.
  • Such a tree has received widespread use due to its unique composition. Leaves, wood and bark contain:

  • steroids and tannins;
  • vitamin complexes and phenols;
  • Terphenoids and flavonoids;
  • many fatty acids and lignans;
  • carbohydrates and aliphatic alcohols;
  • Anthocials and cyanogenic compounds.
  • As indicated above, almost all parts of this plant are poisonous, which is why they can cause human poisoning this is possible only when it enters the seeds.

    TIS berry from the Red Book Description and photo
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