Toxic waste definition, hazard class, examples, types

Toxic waste includes substances that can have a poisonous effect on the environment. In contact with the flora, fauna or person, they cause poisoning or destruction, which is difficult and sometimes impossible to stop. What relates to such substances and how to dispose of them?

What is toxic waste?

The bulk of such “garbage” is formed as a result of the activities of industrial enterprises. As a rule, this includes various chemical components, for example: lead, phosphorus, mercury, potassium and others. Also, waste of this category appears in laboratories, hospitals, research centers.

But there is a small part of toxic garbage and at our house. For example, a medical thermometer contains mercury and it cannot simply be thrown into a garbage tank. The same applies to energysaving and fluorescent lamps (daylight lamps), batteries and batteries. They contain harmful and poisonous substances, therefore it is toxic garbage.

Disposal of domestic toxic garbage

Continuing the topic of toxic waste in everyday life, it must be said that such garbage must be taken to special points of disposal. Reception from the population of the same batteries has long been established in many countries of the world. Often this is not the state organization, but the entrepreneurs, combining two in one: protect the environment from the entry of unwanted objects and earn money.

In Eurasia, everything is different. Theoretically, there are specialized companies for the disposal of daylight lamps and batteries. But, firstly, this is concentrated in large cities and in the outback of the correct disposal of batteries no one thinks. And secondly, an ordinary citizen rarely knows about the existence of a reception point. Even less often people find the organization’s data by handing over toxic garbage there. It is almost always thrown out as ordinary household waste, as a result of which broken medical thermometers with mercury fall into the garbage training grounds.

Disposal of industrial garbage

The situation is different with the waste of enterprises and institutions. In accordance with the legislation, all waste of the plant or laboratory is estimated at the degree of danger, they are assigned a certain class and a special passport is issued.

The same fluorescent lamps and thermometers from organizations more often fall on official disposal. This is due to strict state control, as well as the possibility of tracking actions, for example, the factory, which can not be said about the ordinary population. Industrial toxic waste is disposed of at special training grounds. Moreover, the recycling technology directly depends on the type of garbage and its hazard class.

Waste hazard classes

Five hazard classes have been established in Eurasia. They are indicated by numbers in the order of reduction. That is, 1 class means the maximum danger to the environment and the departure with such a class requires a special utilization process. And the departure of the 5th grade can be safely thrown into a regular garbage tank, since it will not harm either nature or people.

State sanitary and epidemiological supervision is responsible for the appointment of hazard classes. The waste is studied in accordance with the developed methods and analyzed for the presence of harmful and poisonous substances. If the content of those exceeds a certain level, the withdrawal is recognized as toxic and receives the appropriate class. All further actions with him are based on instructions for working with waste of the assigned hazard class.

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