Tropical climatic belt countries, precipitation, natural zones | Tropical climate

The tropical belt covers the main parallels within the northern and southern hemisphere. The air in the summer of the year can heat up to +30 or +50, in the winter, the temperature drops.

In the summer, severe heat can be combined with a cooling evening in the evening. More than half of annual precipitation falls during the winter.

Types of climate

The degree of proximity of the territory to the ocean allows you to distinguish several varieties in the tropical climate:

  • continental. It is characterized by the presence of hot and arid weather in the central regions of continents. Clear weather prevails more often, but dusty storms with strong winds are possible. A number of such countries are well suited for this climate: South America, Australia, Africa;
  • The ocean climate is soft with a large amount of precipitation. In the summer, warm and clear weather is kept, and winter is as soft as possible.
  • In the summer of the year, air can warm up to +25, and in winter cool to +15, which creates optimal conditions for human life.

    The countries of the tropical belt

  • Australia Central Region.
  • North America: Mexico, Western regions of Cuba
  • South America: Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay, North Chile, Brazil.
  • Africa: from the north Algeria, Mauritania, Libya, Egypt, Chad, Mali, Sudan, Niger. The southern tropical belt in Africa covers Angola, Namibia, Botswan and Zambia.
  • Asia: Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, India.
  • A map of the tropical belt

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    Natural zones

    The main natural zones of this climate are:

  • the woods;
  • semideserts;
  • deserts.
  • Wet forests are located on the eastern coasts from Madagascar to Oceania. Flora and Fauna are rich in its diversity. It is in such forests that more than 2/3 of all types of flora and fauna of the Earth lives.

    The forest smoothly goes into savannahs, which have a large length, where small vegetation in the form of herbs and cereals prevails. Trees in this area are not often found and relate to droughtresistant rocks.

    Seasonaltype forests spread closer to the north and south of wet. They are characterized by a small amount of vines and ferns. In the winter season, such trees completely lose foliage.

    Plots of land with semideserts can be found in countries such as Africa, Asia and Australia. In these natural areas there is a hot summer and warm winter.

    In tropical deserts, air can heat up above +50 degrees, and along with its increased dryness the rain turns into steam and is unproductive. In deserts of this type there is an increased level of solar exposure. The vegetation is small.

    The largest deserts are located on the territory of Africa, they should include: Sahara and Namib.

    Flora and fauna

    The tropical belt is known for rich vegetation, more than 70% of representatives of the entire earth’s flora are present on its territory:

  • swampy-type forests have a small amount of vegetation due to the fact that the soil contains a small amount of oxygen. Most often, such a forest is located in lowlands with a swampy area;
  • Mangro forests are located near the course of warm air masses, plants make up a multilevel system. Such a forest is characterized by a high density of crowns with the presence of roots in the form of a litter;
  • mountains of mountains grow at an altitude of more than a kilometer and has several tiers. The upper tier includes trees: ferns, evergreen oaks, and the lower tier occupies grass: lichens, mosses. Abundant precipitation contribute to the appearance of fog;
  • Seasonal type forests are divided into evergreen forests (eucalyptus), halfeveerated forests have trees that discard the foliage only on the upper tier without affecting the lower.
  • In the tropical belt they can grow: palm trees, cacti, acacia, various shrubs, milking and reed plants.

    Most of the representatives of the animal world prefer to settle in the crowns of trees: rodents of the Belishka family, monkeys, sloths. In this zone there are: hedgehogs, tigers, leopards, lemurs, rhinos, elephants.

    Savannas prefer to settle small predators, rodents of various species, ungulates mammals, insects.

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