Trumpet photo and description of the bird, lifestyle, than eats and how propagates

An interesting South American cranelike bird is a trumpeter. Animals are part of the trubach family. The birds got their name because of the inimitable voice, which are males. A frequent habitat of trumpeters is considered to be South America. Craneshaped are also found on the territory of Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Gayan. Favorable living conditions are relatively open spaces in wet tropical forests.

general description

The pipe-pipe is similar in size to ordinary chicken. The animal grows to 43-53 cm in length and weighs no more than 1 kg. The birds have a long neck, a small head. There is no hairline around the eyes, the beak is short and sharp. The back of the pipe-pipe is hunched over, which can be seen with the naked eye, the tail is short. In general, the animal gives the impression of a fat and clumsy animal. In fact, the body of the craneshaped body is slim, and the legs are long (thanks to them, the trumpeter runs quickly).

Three varieties of trumpeters are distinguished in nature: seruspine, greenwinged and whitewinged.

Lifestyle

Troubles live in flocks in which the number of individuals can reach 30 pieces. They belong to a specific social organization called cooperative polyandry. This means that there are dominant females and males at the head of the pack. One female individual can cohabit immediately with several male representatives. The whole group carefully cares for small chicks and educates them.

A group of 3-12 trumpeters is sent to search for food. They can roam on the ground, turn the leaves, be content with what fell from above from monkeys and birds. When the period of drought or hunger occurs, groups of trumpeters can compete with each other.

A feature of life in the pack is their invisibility. If you suspect the slightest danger, the whole group silently creeps up to an uninvited guest and issues a loud cry that testifies to their right to own this territory. In addition, bold birds can attack enemies and clap their wings, while screaming loudly.

For the night, trumpeters move to the branches of trees, but even in the dark, they continue to guard the territory.

Features of reproduction

The male courtship after the female begins before the rain season. At the same time, future parents are looking for a suitable place to build a nest. As a rule, the structure is built high above the ground in the hollow of a tree or in its fork. Small branches put on the very bottom of the nest.

During the propagation period, the male dominates the female. He feeds her, and takes care of the wellbeing of the chosen one. Since there are several males, they begin to fight for the right to possess a female. Having chosen the male representative they like, the female individual hurries to demonstrate his back to him, inviting him to copulation. The female can lay eggs several times a year. The incubation period lasts about a month. Little chicks really need parental care.

The cubs who were born have a camouflage color, which helps them disguise themselves from hungry predators. As the color of bird feathers grows up, it changes. After 6 weeks in babies, the plumage becomes exactly the same as in adults.

Food of birds

Troubles do not fly very well, so often in their diet there is food, which was dropped by animals that live in the upper forest, for example, parrots, rings, birds, monkeys. The favorite delicacy of the crane is juicy fruits (preferably without thick skin), ants, beetles, termites, other insects, their larvae and eggs.

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