Turtles … These creatures settled the land and oceans more than 2 million years ago. They survived dinosaurs. But they will not survive the civilization and predatory attitude of exotic meat hunters. A comprehensive study of the global situation with turtles shows that the disappearance of species has farreaching environmental problems and consequences.
Turtles contribute to the health of many environments:
A decrease in the number of turtles will lead to negative consequences for other species, including people. Of the 356 types of turtles in the world, approximately 61% have already died out. Turtles became a victim of the destruction of the environment, hunting, diseases and climate change.
Not too large Central Asian turtles are popular among wildlife lovers. On average, when they grow, they reach 10-25 cm in length. These turtles are dimorphic, and therefore that males and females are easy to distinguish from each other. Males of this species have longer tails, claws and slightly less females. With proper care, the Central Asian turtles have been living for more than 40 years!
Find out the swamp turtle is easy by brown-black shell, a short, tubercles and paws with 5 webbaked fingers with claws. These are carnivorous animals, they feed on small aquatic invertebrates, tadpoles and frogs. Live in swamps. When the water dries, they sleep in the pits in the ground or under deep fallen leaves, where they become victims of rats, cats and foxes.
Galapagos ivory turtles live in the hottest and dry areas of the continent. They prefer bright sunlight and constant heat. When it becomes unbearably hot, cool the body underground. Ivory turtles dig holes and moves. Natural aggression in relation to other representatives of their type increases during propagation. Males attack each other and try to turn the opponent over.
Unusual amphibians Far Eastern turtles in prestigious restaurants of China are considered a delicacy. These are the only animals that urinate through the mouth and cloak. Scientists believe that unique ability helped amphibians adapt to survival in swamps, where the water is a little salty. They do not drink brackish water. Far Eastern turtles rinse their mouths with water and at this time they get oxygen from it.
Green turtles are one of the largest amphibians. Their body length is from 80 to 1.5 meters and the weight reaches 200 kg. The upper, smooth shell in the shape of a heart can be gray, green, brown or black. The lower side, called plastron, yellowish-white. Turtles are called so greenish skin tone. Young individuals of green turtles are omnivorous and feed on invertebrates. Adult turtles prefer sea herbs and algae.
Golovyna turtles received a name from their huge head, which resembles a large log. They have a huge, reddish-brown, hard shell, pale yellow lower abdomen (plastron) and four fins with two (sometimes three) claws on each. Turtle-Loggerhead live in the oceans with the exception of the seas near the poles. More often they are seen in the Mediterranean Sea, the coast of the United States.
The bisa is not like other turtles: the shape of the body is flattened, the protective shell and limbs-semi-sordates for movement in the open ocean. Distinctive features of turtles are a protruding, sharp, bent nos-swing and sawn edges of the shell. Lives bisa in the open ocean, small lagons and coral reefs. It also feeds on animal food, prefers anemon and jellyfish.
Atlantic Reidley is one of the smallest sea turtles. Adults with an average shell length 65 cm weigh from 35 to 50 kg. They have two claws on each fin. This species prefers small areas with a sandy or mud bottom. Headshaped head. The shell is short and wide, olive-green, almost round. Plastron yellowish, with small pores near the back edges of each of the four inframarginal shields.
Chinese turtle with a large head grows up to 20 cm in length. The skull made of solid bone is so great in relation to the body that the turtle does not pull the head to protect. The back surface of the head is covered with a shield. The temporal area of the skull is poorly highlighted. Post orbital department shares the parietal and scaly bone. The shell covering the upper jaw passes almost to the edge of the spinal shield.
Malay Turtle, feeding on snails, grows up to 22 cm. The view lives in low freshwater ponds, canals, streams, swamps and rice fields in warm fine water. There the turtle spends time in search of food. The Thai name of this species means rice field and indicates the love of turtles for this habitat. The shell of color from dark brown to burgundy with black areola, yellow rim and three intermittent keel.
The name of the turtle is associated with a large body and nose, similar to the digging. In turtles, soft leathery bone shell. Plastron cream. Brown or dark gray shell. Pork turtles have strong jaws and short tails. Size depends on the habitat. Sea doubletied turtles larger than river. Females have a long beak, males have a long and thick tail. Adult pig turtles have a length of up to 0.5 m, weight approximately 20 kg.
Bold and aggressive kayman turtles have massive sharp jaws. Outwardly ominous amphibians inhabit slowly current and muddy rivers, streams, ponds and swamps. Very old individuals flashed, their bodies are overloaded with fat deposits, the fleshy parts protrude beyond the edge of the shell and prevent the movement of the limbs. The reptile becomes almost helpless if you get it out of the water.
Leaf (mountain) turtles are called from special appearance. The shell resembles a small sheet. Plastron yellowish-brown, dark brown and grayish-black. Three keel (crest) descends along the shell of the turtles, the average resembles the middle of the sheet. A recognizable feature of the species big eyes, males have white iris. The females have light brown iris. Males are distinguished by a large tail, concave plastron and their shell is longer.
The Mediterranean Turtle received the name of the shell patterns, which resemble a traditional Mediterranean mosaic with multicolored dots and borders. Turtles are found in various colors: dark yellow, black, golden and brown. Turtles do not grow to large sizes, have a flat head, domeshaped shell, large eyes and large scales on fins, strong claws.
Balkan turtles prefer thick lowandoff bushes and herbs as a shelter. The “warm spots” flooded with the sun on a welldrained, rich in calcium earth is a classic environment of amphibians. Balkan turtles also populate coastal areas and Mediterranean forests. Sometimes turtles are cooled in a small river and become active during or after rain.
Thanks to flat shell, soft plastron and habit of running away, and not hide, an elastic turtle is considered one of the most unique. Its distinctive feature is a flat, but beautiful shell. There are large flexible or soft areas on the plaster, where the shields overlap large fontanels or partial gaps between bone plates. These are small turtles, about 15 cm in length. Weigh no more than 0.5 kg.
One of the most outwardly unusual turtles the gear kinniks has characteristic patterns with brown and yellow marks on the shell and head. She closes the back of the shell, protecting the hind legs and tail from predators. Adults are not too large and reach 15-30 cm in length. Live amphibians in tropical forests and streams of Africa. They feel bad in bright light, prefer semiwater conditions.
The elongated shell of the forest turtle and its limbs are decorated with yellow or orange spots. Plastron on the bottom of the turtle is yellowish-brown, with a darker color along the edges of the shields. Brown upper shell with yellowish or orange tones is located in the center of each shield. Thin leathery scales in color from yellow to orange cover the head and go to the upper jaw.
Urgent measures are needed. Global environmental programs are aimed at protecting birds and mammals, but they pay less attention to turtles. Therefore, the forces of each person to help turtles from the red book survive.
These minor recommendations will help redBook turtles increase the population:
- Do not throw away waste and things where reptiles go. The turtle will confuse and die from suffocation.
- Clean the coasts and other habitats of amphibians from plastic and garbage, which was left by unscrupulous people.
- Keep the nesting of turtles. If you know the places where reptiles lay eggs, do not go there with friends and children on excursions.
- Do not use bright light. He disorients the cubs of turtles and prevents the females to go to the beach to lay eggs.