The family of lizards belong to reptiles (reptiles). They are part of the scaly order and differ from snakes only in the presence of paws and movable eyelids. Lizards also have good hearing and specific molting. Today, there are about 5,000 species of reptiles in the world. Some of them can shed their tail.
General characteristics of lizards
Among the huge variety of tailed reptiles, you can find a wide variety of species that differ in color, habitat, size, significance (some are listed in the Red Book). Most reptiles grow up to 10-40 cm. They have separated eyelids, have an elastic, elongated body and a long tail. Lizards have proportional, medium-length paws, and all skin is covered with keratinized scales. All species of reptiles have tongues of a unique shape, color and size. The organ is quite mobile, it can be easily pulled out and prey is caught with its help.
The lizard family has a well-developed jaw, teeth help to capture, tear and grind food.
Domestic species of reptiles
This group includes lizards that live at home, participate in various exhibitions and other events.
At home, reptiles are often sick and stressed. They need careful and special care. Chameleons are distinguished by their inimitable beauty appearance. Individuals are able to change color. At the beginning of their life, the body has a greenish-light green hue, which is further diluted with wide stripes. Changing the color of a reptile depends on its mood and status.
The pet can also change its color. The second name of the chameleon is “Jackson’s lizard”. A feature of the reptile is the presence of three horns, the longest and thickest of which is the central. Lizards have a strong tail, can deftly move through trees.
Spike-like processes are located on the outer side of the reptile’s tail. Lizards can grow up to 75 cm, so in some cases it is very difficult and even impractical to keep them in the house. If the spiketail is frightened, then it can attack and even bite.
Water-loving lizards have tenacious claws and long limbs, thanks to which they deftly climb trees. The animals grow up to 800 g, they are very careful and easily dive and swim.
This type of lizard is one of the cutest and largest. Various colors depending on habitat. Animals can have scales of blue, red-green, gray-yellow, light green and other colors. Quite often, reptiles twist their tail into a kind of donut. They feed on insects and can live up to 5 years at home.
The most skillful camouflage that blends in perfectly with the background of the leaves. Lizards have a flat tail, an uneven body and brownish rough scales. This is one of the most suitable reptiles for keeping at home.
The reptile is very similar to a small dragon. A large skin fold located on the neck can swell and change color. To heighten the effect, the animal stands on its hind legs. The individual has a gray-brown or bright red body with light and dark spots.
Cute lizard with yellow and white scales with spots like a leopard. The abdomen of reptiles is white, the body can reach 25 cm in length. At home, caring for a lizard is quite simple.
The owner of a long body, the perfect camouflage. A rare species of reptile is distinguished by its unique “cilia” (skin processes located above the eye sockets). The animal loves bananas, mangoes, other fruits.
One of the large, massive and dexterous lizards, which has small horns on the crown. The mass of the animal can reach 9 kg. A wide crest is located on the back of Iguana. To keep the lizard of the house you will need a very large territory.
A lizard that is mistaken for a snake. The reptile has a wide body, short paws, which are practically not visible, therefore it seems that SCINK is crawling, and does not walk on the ground. The length of the lizard reaches 35 cm.
A similar type of lizard with a long tongue of light blue color. The animal grows up to 50 cm, has a smooth scales.
Black and white tag
Impressive reptiles growing to 1.3 meters. The daily predator feeds on rodents, slowly killing its victim. The lizard has big eyes, pale pink and short limbs.
An amazing lizard, regenerating both limbs and gills. Reptiles are pink, purple, gray and other colors. The water dragon looks like fish with sharp teeth, allowing to hold the prey.
Among lizards living in the wild, stand out:
A quick lizard sometimes gray, green and brown, knows how to discard the tail. Small animals are very dexterous and agent, can eat their own offspring.
A crusted anolis is a rare species of night lizards that is similar to a crocodile due to its long nose in the form of an ivory trunk. Reptiles are light or brown-green in color.
The wormshaped lizard the reptile is similar to the rainworm, there is no limbs on the body of the animal at all. It crawls on the ground, the eyes are hidden under the skin.
Komodsky Varan is the largest reptile reaching the mass of 60 kg and length 2.5 meters. Lizard bite is poisonous and can lead to sad consequences.
Wood agama is a lizard climbing trees, thanks to its sharp claws and tenacious paws. The body of reptiles is gray or olive in color, the tail is yellow-gray.
Toki gecko is a lizard with a strong body, which is covered with gray and blue scales. Individuals grow up to 30 cm, feed on insects and small vertebrates.
Bengal monitor lizard is a massive and slender animal of gray-olive color, growing up to 1.5 meters in length. The lizard can swim and dive for 15 minutes.
Agama mwanza a flocking lizard with a long tail and an unusual color: half of the body is covered with blue scales, the other is pink or orange.
Moloch is an expert in disguise. The lizard has a brown or sandy body that can change color depending on the weather.
Ring-tailed iguana the features of the lizard are a long tail, light scales with dark stripes, thick scales on the muzzle, resembling horns.
Other known lizard species include the marine iguana, Arizona adobe, lobe-tailed gecko, spindle skink, and monkey-tailed skink.