Types of nature of the Earth objects and classes, influence on humans, features of wildlife

The nature of the Earth is the physical, natural, as well as material elements of the planet, which were created without human intervention and exist to this day. Under the word nature, biogeochemical cycles, the life of a person or any other creatures on the planet, physical phenomena and many other factors can be considered.

Nature, in the understanding of scientists or people, has many meanings, whether it is the animal world, geology, everything that surrounds us it all refers to this word. Regardless of what is meant, nature surrounds all people and we ourselves are created thanks to it.

nature views

If we briefly and very approximately consider species, then nature is divided into living and non-living.

Inanimate nature includes everything that surrounds a person, but has no signs of life: water, earth, mountains, wind, Sun.

Living nature, in turn, includes everything that is somehow able to move, evolve, develop, live and die on its own. Mostly plants, microorganisms and animals.

natural conditions

Natural conditions are those natural elements of nature that can interact with each other to create the conditions for life on Earth. The development and division of these components occurred throughout the existence of the planet, and each of them is closely related to the other. The natural-territorial complex (NTC) is a set of elements of nature in a certain area.

The planet Earth has a certain geographical shell, which is the PTC and acts as its components:

  • The lithosphere is the hardest shell of the planet, which is surrounded by the hydrosphere on almost every side, and where it is not, the atmosphere. This name refers to the earth’s crust.
  • The stratosphere and troposphere are the lower layers of the atmosphere, which are located at an altitude of ten to fifty kilometers above the lithosphere.
  • The hydrosphere is the largest part of the earth in terms of area, washing almost all parts of the lithosphere. Influenced by the stratosphere. Includes all the waters of the oceans, as well as all groundwater. The hydrosphere refers to the water resources of the Earth.
  • The biosphere is the life-filled shell of the planet. It is this part of the natural-territorial complex that is the global ecosystem.
  • The anthroposphere is the only part of the environment that is entirely created by human hands, and can also change thanks to it. This part does not apply to shells and, on the contrary, harms the lithosphere and hydrosphere.
  • Relief

    The relief of the planet is all the irregularities of the lithosphere and hydrosphere (bottom of reservoirs), which may differ in their appearance, age, origin and size. If we consider this concept from the point of view of geography, then “relief” is the lowest and highest points in a certain area. They mainly consider the relief of a city, country or mainland, since in this way it is much easier to determine all the necessary data. If necessary, you can go deeper by recognizing the relief of some small section of the relief, for example, a street or even a house. The mountain system, as well as the system of ridges, are considered high points of the relief, and valleys, lowlands and depressions are considered low. The division of the terrain according to the nature of the Earth’s surface can occur on a flat, hilly and mountainous terrain.


    Climate is indicators of weather conditions that are taken over a certain period of time (mostly climate means a long period of time, starting from thirty or forty years). The main indicators are the change in humidity, temperature, atmospheric pressure, as well as the time and amount of precipitation, and other variables in a certain territorial zone. Unlike climate, weather is a measure of a short period of time, so Weather Forecast is part of the climate, but not fully.

    There are five components on which the formation of the climate system depends: the cryosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere.

    There is even a classification of climates, which often depends on the temperature and precipitation in a particular region. Scheme B is mainly used in the world.P. Köppen, who relied on rainfall and temperature change.

    The soil

    Under the soil is meant the totality of organic substances, liquids, minerals, as well as many other factors due to which life on Earth is possible. In the scientific community, soils are called the pedosphere. It is a natural body that performs the following functions:

  • Means of storage and purification of water resources.
  • Habitats for a variety of microorganisms and full-fledged animals.
  • Wednesday for the growth of vegetation.
  • In addition, the soil is subject to changes due to climatic conditions, relief and biosphere. This is the only PTK that develops throughout the entire time and without stopping. Development occurs using physical, biological and chemical processes that occur inside it. Until a full study of the biosphere, it was the soil that was an ecosystem in the opinion of scientists.

    Natural resources

    There are many natural components that are produced naturally, and are also necessary for the life of all living creatures. These resources include: water, minerals, forests and much more. Most of the natural resources are used by a person to meet vital needs.

    Animal world

    The animal world is a collection of living organisms that have evolved from simple single-celled bacteria and are able to develop. They are classified as eukaryotes, and they all unite in a separate Kingdom the Animal Kingdom. Of the main features that characterize this world can be called: mobility and the ability to move independently. A distinctive feature of the animal world from the plant world is the heterotrophy of the creatures that are there. All of them must eat the waste products of other organisms, or the organisms themselves.

    Vegetable world

    The plant world is a collection of organisms that are predominantly capable of photosynthesis and belong to the Plant Kingdom. Just a couple of hundred years ago, mushrooms were excluded from this term, for which they allocated their own Kingdom, as well as all animals, bacteria and other microorganisms.

    For the most part, plants get the energy they need to live from sunlight. But many of the representatives of this family exist through a parasitic lifestyle, eating at the expense of other organisms. Among plants, asexual reproduction is possible, but they are mainly divided by sex.

    Natural phenomena

    That event, which has a natural character of occurrence, and can also be observed, is called a natural phenomenon. The most famous examples for every person are: sunrise and sunset, thunder, fog and other precipitation; many biological processes: growth of vegetation, decomposition of substances; and physical processes: erosion, electromagnetic waves and natural disasters, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes.

    There must be a way to observe all natural phenomena in some way, otherwise you cannot be sure that this process was not created artificially and formed naturally. Natural phenomena also include biological.

    biological phenomena

  • Metabolism is the life-affirming chemical transformations that occur in the cells of living organisms. During them, food is digested, which provides energy, as well as the subsequent transfer of nutrients to the organs that need them. Thanks to metabolism, the body can develop, multiply and, in principle, exist,
  • Depopulation is a process during which the number of a particular group of organisms, whether it be an animal family or a plant species, decreases on a permanent basis. Among the main reasons for the onset of depopulation, one can single out a change in climatic conditions, as well as various artificial causes, for example, the construction of cities on previously unused territory.
  • Growth is a change that consists in maturation or an increase in the size of an organism. Often all organisms have only limited growth, which continues for some time, and then stops.
  • Cadaveric phenomena the process of decomposition of organic substances into other forms of matter. For example, after a hundred years, a plastic bottle decomposes into its components, as a result of which it will no longer harm the soil and plants can finally grow there.
  • chemical phenomena

    Oxidation is a process that involves the oxidation of substances. Of the most famous and understandable examples, one can name the occurrence of a flame, which occurs due to the oxidation of gases.

    geological phenomena

    This type of phenomena includes any activity of lithospheric plates, whether it be earthquakes, the appearance or, in principle, the operation of geysers, as well as many other processes, one way or another connected with the earth’s crust.

    meteorological phenomena

    This type of event includes most climate changes, and intense weather events are usually referred to as “storms”. They also include the circulation of precipitation and the change of seasons.

    There are many other types of phenomena, for example, oceanographic or atmospheric-optical, but it makes no sense to describe them, since all of them in one way or another relate to the previously listed ones, just changing or mixing them a little.

    The cycle of substances in nature

    Under the cycle of substances in nature is usually meant the biogeochemical cycle. This is the path that any substance with chemical properties goes through. This term is an abbreviation for the three aspects that it includes biological, geological and chemical. Each of these cycles always originates at any given point, changes over time, but still returns to the original. Of the most famous and important for mankind cycles of substances in nature, we can distinguish:

  • The oxygen cycle, which is the movement and change of oxygen in its main “reservoirs” air, biosphere and lithosphere.
  • The water cycle describing the flow of all waters, whether above ground or underground, on the planet.
  • The carbon cycle is the exchange of a given substance between each PTK.
  • The rock cycle that is the basis of the entire science of geology. It describes all the processes of transition of minerals from one type to another.
  • The influence of nature on man

    Since humanity itself was created by the will of nature, it is quite logical that this very nature will be of great importance and influence for all living organisms, including us. Thanks to natural resources, we are able to get food, develop our ecosystem and create something new. It is thanks to oxygen, which is part of nature, that a person is able to breathe, and thanks to the hydrosphere, to live, because the creation of artificial nutrients is possible, unlike water, which will simply be impossible to replace at this stage. Very often people refuse to understand and believe how important nature is for them, but if it were not for it, there would be no man as a species.

    Human influence on nature

    The faster humanity develops science, the more harm it does to nature. Since natural resources are not unlimited, people decided to take a difficult path: instead of protecting, as well as saving mountain minerals, useful substances, and other things, every scientist sets himself the goal of creating a means by which we no longer have to rely on nature. This approach, of course, is stupid and does not carry any advantages, but alas, too much extravagance has already begun to destroy natural reserves.

    Objects of nature

    Throughout the existence of science, people have set themselves the same idea nature consists of objects. It is logical that the science of nature itself relies on objectivization, because without this it would be trite to do research. To measure, study, experience and discover something it must be represented as some kind of variable or constant value, in the form of an object. Without such an approach, it would be simply impossible to comprehend all the secrets of nature. To do this, most natural phenomena are divided into some related parts of which they are composed. Thus animals, for example, are considered in terms of species differences, genes and physiology. Darwin here believed that all life on Earth, whether it be vegetation, animals or other mammals, arose from the so-called family tree. They laughed at him during his life, they laugh even now, thinking that he was a madman, but all the same, it is his work that is taken as the basis for most of the current known sciences that study nature, and this should already tell us something.

    When natural resources run out?

    According to most scientists, with the current needs of the reserves of the most common and currently needed natural resources copper and zinc, they will last only a few centuries, and after that they will irrevocably run out. But at the same moment, a very large group of scientists calls only myths the theory that minerals are finite. Such bright minds are guided by the fact that a person has not yet explored the oceans even by 10%, and if he manages to do this in the near future, then humanity will have hope for salvation, because, in their opinion, many resources are hidden under water, which will be enough for the next thousand years. In addition, they are clearly sure: resources tend to recover, just in other places. Thus, a completely devastated mine will sooner or later restore its resources it will just happen in another, not yet opened place.

    Deficiency of energy resources

    A limited supply of coal, oil and gas is currently greater than the great danger. The forecasts of most scientists vary, but all of them agree that by the middle or end of the 21st century all reserves of energy resources will be irrevocably exhausted. But here the situation is twofold, because many deny their theories, assuming that the same oil is a renewable resource. Their opinion is based on the fact that a person studied only a small layer of the earth’s crust, which is called the surface of Mokhorovich. In different places of the planet, it is 5-70 kilometers.

    All disputes on the topic of the deficit have been lasting many centuries, because it has long been noticed that all resources are one way or another. No one knows exactly how much time or how much oil, coal and gas is left. But everyone knows that spending them as uneconomically as it is now is stupidity, which sooner or later will turn into a big crisis.

    The non-renewability of oil is just a theory that has existed for 130 years. It is considered universally recognized, and it states that oil is of organic origin and was formed thanks to ancient flora and fauna that have long disappeared. An alternative to this theory is that oil is closely related to the water cycle in nature. Most scientists do not agree with this, but in no way can they refute this option. From all this it follows that we have no idea how much more resources are left. But even so stupid to deny that you need to look for alternative ways to produce energy, otherwise it will be too late later.

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