Umbrella plants are one of the most common in the field of agriculture. This huge family has an impressive number of genera and species taking into account the fact that it is common in almost all points of the planet. However, the most amazing is the variety of umbrella: some of them are grown in summer cottages, and some are deadly poisonous and used in medicine.
In total, science knows about three thousand species of this family and more than three hundred generation of such plants that are usually represented in the form of perennial herbs, but there are also shrubs with trees among them.
Types of umbrella plants
Fenhel is ordinary
The blue headman is flatheaded
The characteristic of umbrella
Most umbrella can be recognized by very characteristic inflorescences by which they got their name. These are simple or complex umbrellas, called the head, with small colors, as a rule, white color (though sometimes they are yellow or blue), with a barely noticeable cup.
Plants are distinguished by a double perianth and five cups on a whisk, with one pestle, which includes two fruiting. The fruits of umbrella are called the grounding this is a biased seed in the form of a divided pillow. And it is the fetus that plays crucial when recognizing this family. Most of the plants of this species practically do not differ from each other usually specialists distinguish them in the shape of the inflorescence, by the presence of a wax and other small details.
The most common representatives of the umbrella, which most of us faces almost every day, is customary to divide into:
Some species of umbrella carry a mortal danger not only for humans, but also for agricultural animals-they are not only not recommended to grow in any form (decorative or any other), but also dangerous to use. Therefore, with all unfamiliar plants, you need to be extremely careful.
First of all, this is due to the fact that in addition to dangerous livestock there are a huge number of plants from the umbrella family, inaccurate behavior with which, in addition to dangerous poisoning, can threaten more serious problems.
The most famous of the poisonous umbrella is the Boligols, the milestone is poisonous (aka cycut), hogweed, Beladonna. All these plants have been known for their poisonous properties for more than a thousand years and more than one person paid life for a careless appeal with them.
But be sure to consider one important point. All these plants, although they are highly poisonous, are used as part of many drugs and drugs, in view of the essential and undeniable healing properties. However, any attempts to eat them or selfmedication in arbitrary order are prohibited under the threat of the danger of death.
Umbrella plants whose representatives can both provide undeniable benefit and bring significant harm to the body. It is umbrella is often used in medicine to treat a whole series of diseases. And a huge number of types of this family are known for their healing properties, which were recognized not only by traditional medicine, but also by representatives of the official.
Many of them have both antiseptic and antispasmodic capabilities, and are also used as part of both medicinal and tonic, helping to increase the resistance and immunity of the human body.
As an antiseptic, for example, it is customary to use onions, violets, living, roses, persimmons, aspen and many others of this species well known to everyone.
Many of the umbrella are endowed with therapeutic properties due to the content of a substance such as Kumarin and its various derivatives (the same dill). Many of the poisonous plants of the family use as drugs, because their properties are really unique.
As a rule, plants of the umbrella family prefer to grow in moderate or subtropical climate, so most of them can be found in Europe, America or at the latitude of Asia. Sometimes these perennials are growing in tropical countries- however, there they choose mountainous areas. Their greatest concentration reaches the moderate zone of the northern hemisphere, and on its territory in the countries of Asia. In Eurasia there are about 110 genera and three hundred species of this family.