Unspartable animals walk on the ground with hooves these are horny formations that protect the fingers and support weight. Unsparticious are standing and running on your fingertips. Most of the weight is supported by hooves, as a result of which the form of movement of ungulates is described as “ungulating” (and not “finger” when the fingers touch the ground, or “stopping” when the whole foot becomes to the ground, like people). Hooves plus features of the structure of the bones of the legs, which lengthen the limbs, allow unprinted to run quickly. It is believed that animals with unpaired hooves evolved in pastures, where speed saves from predators.
One hoof on each leg extremely adapted the zebra to run. The general shape is a large head, a strong neck and long legs, easily recognizable.
On the body-a series of black and white stripes. These lines are thin and relatively close to each other on the neck and trunk, on the hips turn into several wide horizontal stripes.
Black and white stripes are located close to each other. A wide black line passes along the spine. The color of the white abdomen partially passes up the sides.
Short, smooth coat from light gray to yellowish-brown in color passes to a white shade on the bottom and legs. All subspecies have a thin dark dorsal strip.
The reddish-brown top contrasts sharply with pure white lower parts, including cereals. Where the legs meet with the body, large white wedges reach the sides.
Light brown or reddish-brown hair on the bottom of the body becomes white. Short in summer, it lengthens, thickens and brightens with the onset of cold weather.
Throughout history, people crossed, sold, moved horses on continents. This is a source of food, a means of production and entertainment.
The coat is thick, rough and long, with an isolating undercoat, it covers the thin skin of tapirs. Color from coal-black to dark red brown.
Brazilian (plain) tapir
The upper lip and nose of the tapirs are stretched into a short tenacious proboscis, which is one of the most recognizable features of this group.
Central American tapir
The thick skin is covered with short dark brown wool. In young animals, reddish-brown wool, with pronounced white veins and spots.
Body painting: the front and hind legs are black, cereals are gray-white or gray. The color is noticeable, but the tapir is almost invisible in the jungle flooded with the moonlight at night.
The leathery skin of gray-brown color folds into armored plates. The unique rhino is covered with a noticeable rough reddish-brown wool.
Similar to the armor of the skin is thick and durable, with folds and convex protrusions on the neck, shoulders and sides. The fold on the neck does not continue on the back.
These are single animals with a weakly expressed binding to the territory. Females become sexually mature after about 3-4 years, and males ripen a little later.
Loss of habitat, illness and poaching destroyed rhinos to such an extent that now they are found only in protected areas.
These animals have no incisors, only premolars and molars adapted for grinding vegetation, on which rhinos graze.
The appearance of unpairedly chosen ones
Horses, rhinos and tapirs are all unpaired animals, although they are not like externally. Rhinos carry their weight on the central finger of the leg, which is surrounded by two smaller fingers. The first and fifth fingers disappeared during evolution. Tapirs have the same location with three fingers on the hind limbs, but their front extremities have an additional, smaller finger of the legs. Horses transfer weight to the central finger, but all the external fingers have disappeared.
Over time, hooves adapted to a specific environment. In animals that live on solid ground, such as horses and antelopes, small, compact hooves. Those who live on soft soil, such as moose and cariba, have distinct fingers and longer hooves that stretch and distribute the weight of the animal.
Many mammals have horns or horns, and some have fangs. Fangs, horns and horns protect against predators, but the main application is the struggle of males in competitions for the territory or female.
Scientists also classify several undermarginal animals as nonpartcrusted. These include Iraqs (an animal the size of a rabbit in Africa and Asia), aard cooker, whales and sea cats. Genetic analysis showed similarities in the sequences of DNA of these creatures and ungulates mammals. This suggests that animals have a common ancestor, despite many differences in appearance.
Behavior and nutrition
The early nature of the readiness for independent nutrition of ungulates and active assistance provided by mothers from this detachment of animals lead to intensive interaction between mother and offspring after birth. Movements, smells and vocalization of newborns stimulate normal maternal reactions. Mothers use visual, tactical and vocal stimuli to identify and direction the activities of the cubs. This phase of intensive interaction is called the postpartum period. The length varies from less than an hour to more than 10, depending on the type.
Most of the ungulates clearly fall under one of two categories in relation to the type of relationship between the mother and the offspring that arise after the postpartum period. These two types are called “hidden” and “followers”. “Hidden” are waiting for a mother who will feed. “Followers” follow her from the moment of birth.
Most of the nonparthanded are animals that feed on plants. Some representatives of the species eat grass, while others eat trees and plant leaves. Many nonpartchosen have large, complex shapes of corrugated molars in the mouth to wave food. In most animals, fangs are reduced. Some unpaired chosen ones, such as pigs, omnivorous, feed on plant and animal foods.
Unparaps and man
People use ungulates as a source of food, clothing, transport, wealth and pleasure. Some hunting habits, such as bison hunting on American plains, developed a strong dependence of shooters on one type. And the domestication of ungulates mammals formed large settlements and freed people from the performance of difficult work. Sheep and goats were the first ungulates of mammals to be domesticated about 10,000 years ago. Pig and horses followed them. The domestication of ungulative mammals continues today. In the 1900s, deer domesticated. Today, more than 5 million deer are grown around the world.