Volga river tributaries left and right tributaries, river map with tributaries

Volga is located in the European part of Eurasia. She is one of the largest rivers on Earth. Its length is 3530 km, and before the construction of reservoirs 3690 km. Pool area 1 million. 360 thousand. km2. The pool system includes 151 thousand. Ruchev, rivers and watercourses, which are 574 thousand in length. km. In general, 200 tributaries flow into the Volga. The flow rate is small from 2 to 6 km/h. The river originates on the Valdai Upland and flows into the Caspian Sea. The Volga basin extends from the Valdai and Central Russian Humles in the West, to the Urals in the East. The Volga was also accepted to divide in parts:

  • Upper Volga from the source to the Oka River in Nizhny Novgorod;
  • Middle Volga from Oka to the confluence of the Kama River;
  • Lower Volga from Kama to the Caspian Sea.
  • Verkhnyaya Volga flows along the Tver, Yaroslavl, Moscow, Ivanovo, Kostroma and Nizhny Novgorod regions. There are 4 millionaire cities on the Volga: Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Samara and Volgograd. Part of the territory of Eurasia, adjacent to the Volga, is called the Volga region.

    Tributaries of the Volga River

    Right tributaries of the Volga

    Right tributaries include: Oka, Vasuza, Kotosl, Shosh, Dubna, Nerl, Big Civille, Sura, Sviyaga. There are 137 right streams at the river in total, and the largest of them is an eye. She extends 1500 km.

    Left tributaries of the Volga

    In the left tributary the number of drains is 10 more than in the right. It includes: Selizharovka, Kama, Lesser, Mera, Nemda, Kudma, Kerzhenets, Big and Malaya Kokshaga, Darkness, Ithm, Kazanka, Big Cheremshan, Syzranka, Chagra, Tverts, Mologa, Shaksna, UNZHA, VELUGA, SOC, Samara, Samara, Samara, Samara, Samara, Samara, Samara Big and Small Irgiz, Eruslan, Big Karaman. Of all the tributaries of Kama, it is considered the largest.


    Oka is located in the European part of Eurasia and is the largest tributary, after the Kama. Its length is 1,500 kilometers, and the area of ​​the water collection pool is more than 245 and. square kilometers the source of the river is a spring located in the Oryol region, in the village of Aleksandrovka. 150 rivers flows into the okho. Some can even reach 10 km long. The most significant tributaries include: litholizh, flowering, lake, rocket, plisk, birch, stump, scam, fish, cable, fox, knubr, krom, point, wholesale, Rechitsa, Mezenka, Orlik, Istsk, ore and others.

    Oka proceeds along the Central Russian Upland. In the Ryazan region, due to the hilly area, the river is noticeably winding.

    Cities located on the Oka: Murom, Dzerzhinsk, Stupino, Tarusa, Eagle, Pavlovo, Aleksin, Kasimov, Serpukhov, Kaluga, Ryazan, Kashira, Protvino, etc.D.

    The river is considered a historically important waterway in the European part of Eurasia, but at present, navigation for the Oka is absent. 73 bridges were built across the river, which are still valid to this day.

    There are many versions by origin of the name of the river. According to m. Fasmer, the name “Oka” is related to the word aƕa, which is translated from Gothic means “river”.


    The Kama River belongs to the left tributary of the Volga. It is considered the largest among other tributaries. Kama basin lies in Eurasia in the European part. River length 1805 km. And before the construction of the Kuibyshev reservoir was 2030 km. The beginning of the river lies on the Verkhnekamsk Upland. Its origin occurs at an altitude of 335 m. Basically, the kama flows between the elevations of the high volume along the channel, which lies in the wide valley. The lower reaches of the river are also a wide valley. The width of the channel Kama reaches sizes from 450 to 1200 m.

    Cities located on the river: Perm, Berezniki, Sarapul, Solikamsk, Neftekamsk, Nizhnekamsk, Naberezhnye Chelny.

    Also, the Kama River is very important in export. Since ancient times, it has been navigable. On this river, the location is large and mediumsized ports. In addition, three reservoirs and three hydroelectric power plants were built.

    About the origin of the name of the river, there are disputes. There are many versions, but one of them sounds like this: the name “Kama” belongs to the related words common in Finland and other northern regions of Eurasia, such as: Kem, Hem, Kemi and Kyumi. However, it is believed that the name of the river by origin is Finno Ugric. But as notes a.With Krivoshchekova Gantman, the Ugric hypothesis is not consistent with the history of the local region.

    River Kama


    Sura the right tributary of the Volga. Originates on the Volga Upland in the Ulyanovsk region, at the village of Sursky peaks. The river flows first to the west, then north. The length of the river is 841 km, the area of ​​the water collection pool is 67 500 km 2. The largest tributaries of the Sura is UZA, Alatyr, Drunk, Barysh. Total at the river 40 tributaries. Surah is customary to divide into 3 parts:

  • Upper section from the source to the mouth of the bond;
  • The middle section is from the bond to the Barysh River;
  • Lower section from the mouth of the Barysh River to the mouth of Surah, near the city of Vasilsursk.
  • The peculiarity of the river is that it has a weak development of higher aquatic vegetation along the entire length of the river. The exception is only the site located between Lunino and Penza. The reason is a high turbidity in the river.

    In the lower reaches of the river, devast and navigable. Used for industrial water supply.

    Surah basin is in a moderately continental climate, that is, the winter is cold, and the summer is hot. The territory is under the influence of air mass.

    Many versions are spinning around the name of the river. First: in the Tatar language there is the word “solo” meaning gray, which is inherent in the river itself. Second: b. BUT. Serebrennikov did not exclude that the name could be obliged to one of the extinct Volga languages, which in the Surah basin could precede Mordovian.

    River Sura


    Vetluga a river in the center of the European part of Eurasia, the left tributary of the Volga. The length of the river is 889 km, the area of ​​the water collection pool is 39,400 km 2. The beginning of the veterus takes from the merger of the river fast and fast, from. Ivanovo Svechinsky district of the Kirov region. The river flows through such territories as: Kirov, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod. The Vetluga system includes 103 rivers. The river basin itself is located on the Russian plain, in the zone of mixed and coniferous forests. Height above sea level no more than 100 m. The main tributaries: Vokhma and Lyunda are right, and the left Ney, Bolshaya Disha, Strive, Yongonga. The current in the upper reaches is quite fast, below the river flows calmer. River width is mainly 100-120 m, depth 2-3 m. The territory itself is located in a moderately continental climate.

    On the river are cities such as: Sharya and Vetluga.

    Vetluga flows into the Cheboksary reservoir. Just near the reservoir is the village of Yurino.

    Shipping here is poorly developed. Mostly there is a construction of rafting ships, praise, etc. Passenger transportation is also regularly carried out. The name of the river comes from the Mari word “winds” a seagull and “yuga” a river.


    Samara a river in the Orenburg and Samara regions of Eurasia, the left tributary of the Volga. Length 594 km. The area of ​​the water collection pool is 46, 5 thousand. km 2. Maximum width 3 100 m. Depth up to 5 m. The source of the river is located on one of the steppe navals, which are the border of the foothills of the Urals. The source of Samara is a stream of 0.5 m. In width. At first, Samara moves along the extreme foothills of the Urals, and then between smallhoneycomb formations of the common cheese. The river flows into the Saratov reservoir. Until recently, the water in this river was polluted, but the enterprises were closed.


    Darkness a river in the Tver region of Eurasia, the left tributary of the Volga. Length 142 km, the area of ​​the water collection pool 1850 km 2. The source is located south of the village of Monet, in the Staritsky district, on the southeastern slopes of the Vyshnevolotsky ridge. The main tributaries of darkness: Beklovka, Ryasnya, ours, Olshanka, Rachany, Shostosta. On the banks of the river, settlements are also located: Tutan, Lukovnikovo, Malinniki, Glukhovo, Savino and others.


    Syzranka a river in the Ulyanovsk and Samara regions Rossi, the left tributary of the Volga River. The source is located at the village of Karmaleik, the Barysh district, the Ulyanovsk region. The river flows along the Volga Upland. The mouth of the river is located in the subpoor of the Saratov reservoir. River length 168 km, waterfield area 5650 km2. The main tributaries of the river are: the right Canadheika, Bekhanka, and the left Balashaka, Tomintyka, Temryaznka, Rosochka. River depth 1-2 m. Below Syzran, it flows in the form of a significant stream with small backwaters.

    Syzranka River


    Vasuza a river in the Smolensk and Tver regions of Eurasia, the right tributary of the Volga. It is considered one of the purest rivers. The length of the river is 162 km, and the area of ​​the water collection pool is 7120 km 2. The source of Vasuza is located on the northern slopes of the Smolensk Upland, near the village of Maryino in the Smolensk region, Vyazemsky district.

    In the middle course of the river, the city of Sychevka is located. When falling into the Volga, the city of Zubtsov.

    Also, in 1977, a Vazuzsky hydroelectric station was built on Vasuz, which became part of the Vazuz hydraulic system.

    According to c.N. Toporova The name of the river comes from Baltic origin, and according to another version related. VAZINT, which means travel. This characterizes the value of the upper tributary of the Volga as a trading track.

    Vasuza River


    Bear a river in the Tver region, the left tributary of the Volga. Length 259 m. Pool area 5570 km 2. Previously, the river was longer, but 13 km were flooded by the Uglich reservoir. The river originates near the village of Gorma in the Spirovsky district, at an altitude of approximately 220 m. In the upper reaches the valley is very swampy and overgrown with forests. River width-10-15 m, depth 0.5-2 m. In the lower reaches from the village of Semenovsky to the mouth, flooded with the waters of the Uglich reservoir. The river flows into the Uglich reservoir on the Volga, on the site between the white town and Sknyatino.

    River Medveditsa

    Basically, there are villages and villages on the river: Stan, Nikolskoye, Establishment, Medvedikha, Upper Trinity, Lower Trinity, Luzhki, Romanovo, Chen, Sunsikovo, Slobodka, Akatovo, Aparnikovo, Study Field, Shushpanovo, Pims and another.

    Until the early 2000s, the river was navigable 41 km from the mouth. Passenger ships went to the village of Semenovskoye. But since 2004, shipping along the river has ceased.

    In the areas of the village of Verkhnyaya Trinity there is a concrete dam with a level of level 3 meters. The dam cuts the Volga fish from the places of spawning in the upper reaches and tributaries of the bear River.

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