Wall mushrooms photos and description, where they grow and how they look, false and edible waves, views

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Wall mushrooms are not very revered in European countries. The exception is Finland, Russia and Ukraine, where the mushrooms are popular and have many local names, but they all reflect the main property because of which the mushroom got its name-wavy concentric circles on the hat.

Mushroom pickers are found in large numbers in birch and mixed forests until October. Real woolers:

  • white;
  • Pink.
  • Common types of waves:

  • pink;
  • submarine;
  • white;
  • BLELECA;
  • Burovataya;
  • Skill.
  • In addition to the tint, the waves are distinguished by the diameter of the hat umbrella. The mushroom is special in that the fruit body emits a burning, oily milk, which complicates the preparation of waves.

    What is the good waves

    There are a lot in them:

  • squirrel;
  • minerals;
  • carbohydrates;
  • amino acids;
  • antioxidants;
  • vitamins;
  • provitamins;
  • Lecitine.
  • The use of waves is favorable for the heart and blood vessels, metabolism. Biologically active substances:

  • stabilize glucose;
  • clean the vessels;
  • relieve fatigue;
  • strengthen nerves;
  • normalize blood pressure;
  • improve the structure of hair and skin;
  • have antistress properties;
  • support immunity;
  • Stimulate brain function,
  • Improve vision.
  • Lowcalorie waves eliminate excess weight without flour of hunger, tone the body for active life.

    For whom the waves are harmful. Contraindications for mushroom use

    People with cholecystitis and remote gall bladder, pancreatitis, reduced acidity of gastric juice are limited or completely removed from the diet. After cooking, fruit bodies lose bitterness. But the milky juice of the wave does not change the composition, irritatingly affects the mucous membranes.

    Children under 3 years of age do not have enzymes in the body that would allow mushrooms to digest, and not only waves. In general, it is a safe and useful mushroom if you follow the elementary rules of gastronomic hygiene.

    How the waves are processed before cooking

    A caustic milk is secreted at the site of damage to the mushrooms. It spoils the taste of the dish, causes the digestive tract or poisons. Poisonous milky juice does not neutralize any thermal treatment. Therefore, you need to approach the collection of mushroom harvest, add only edible or conditionally sedentary waves to the pan.

    Neutralize a bitter taste with soaking or boiling.

    Soaking

    The waves are collected, the hats are cleaned of adhering garbage, pour it with clean water. Leave. In the process, the water is changed every 5 hours, the old water is drained. Then thoroughly washed with running water. Again lowered into cold water. 10 grams of salt or 2 g of citric acid are added to each liter of water. Soak the crop 2 days or more. At the final stage, the mushrooms are cleaned with a brush, rinse again under running water.

    What dishes are made of waves

    The wave is delicious, but not easy to prepare. To remove bitterness, soaked for a long time in salted water, then:

  • pour marinade;
  • cook;
  • Frozen.
  • After heat treatment, the wave preserves the texture of the fruit body and properties. Mushrooms extinguish with onions and sour cream. Wall sauces saturate meat and vegetable dishes with mushroom aroma.

    Edible wolf

    The wave is pink

    The mushroom is widespread in the northern parts of Africa, Asia, Europe and America. The wave of pink mycorrhny with various trees in mixed forests, most often with birch, grows on the ground separately or groups. It is appreciated for a spicy taste and is eaten after appropriate preparation in Eurasia and Finland, irritates the digestive system when consumed in raw. Toxins responsible for the caustic taste are destroyed during cooking.

    Hat

    Convex with a central deepening, in diameter up to 10 cm. Its color is a mixture of pink and hoarse shades, sometimes with darker round zones. The edge is wrapped inside and shaggy in young copies.

    Gills

    Narrow, dense, closely intertwined with each other.

    Leg

    A cylindrical pale-bodied color with a down surface, up to 8 cm long and 0.6–2 cm thick. With a cut or damage, fruit bodies emit white juice that does not change color under the influence of air.

    Miller

    Forms a mycorrhic connection with birches in moist places. Prefers acidic soil in open herbaceous areas on the edge of the forest or on the wasteland, and not in the depths of a thick forest. It is found single and small multiple groups in most European countries, in North Africa and some parts of Asia and North America.

    Hat

    From 5 to 15 cm in diameter, convex, then straightened, a small central recess appears, dark yellow and pink hats shaggy, especially on their convex edges, and have slightly dark concentric circles, most noticeable to the center; This zoning disappears in mature fruit bodies. Under the furry cuticle is dense, fragile skin of white color.

    Gills

    Short, descending along the stem, tightly located pale pink gills exude white or pale cream milk when damaged, it does not change color when drying out.

    Leg

    Diameter from 1 to 2 cm and height from 4 to 8 cm, cylindrical, paler than the hat. The legs of young mushrooms are pubescent and solid, as the fruit body ripens, become smooth and hollow. There is no stem ring.

    The wave is white

    This unusual mushroom grows under the birch. Its pale color and shaggy hat are useful distinctive features. The wave of white is found (mainly in wet meadows) in most of the continental Europe and in many parts of North America. The mushroom is rarely found, but where it happens, the mushroom pickered collects a dozen or more copies.

    Hat

    Diameter from 5 to 15 cm, convex and then slightly pressed, dark yellow and pale pink hats have weak pinkish concentric stripes and a pinkish-brown area towards the center. A dense and fragile skin of white color is under a furry cuticle.

    Gills

    White, short, descends on the leg, slightly painted in a salmon-pink color, emit white juice when damaged.

    Leg

    Diameter from 10 to 23 mm and height from 3 to 6 cm, usually slightly narrowed to the base.

    The wave of the blecly (marsh, militant is sluggish)

    The dim brown mushroom grows under the birch for most of the continental Europe in wet moss forests, in East Asia and in some parts of North America.

    Hat

    Diameter from 4 to 8 cm, convex, and then pressed in the center, pale purple-gray or light gray, mucous membrane when getting wet. Under the cuticle of the hat, the pulp is white or pale, rather fragile.

    Gills

    Fused or shortly expressed, white or pale yellow, brown in case of damage, release white milk, which, drying, becomes smoky-gray.

    Leg

    From 5 to 10 mm in diameter and from 5 to 7 cm in height, smooth and cylindrical, rather fragile and easily breaks.

    Mlechik is brownish

    Fruit bodies grow on Earth in the deciduous forests of Europe and North America, Asia in the Kashmir Valley, in India, China and Japan.

    Gills

    Creamy-christian color, at the leg of a lighter color.

    Hat

    Convex or flat, sometimes with a small central recess, diameter 4.5-12.5 cm. The surface is dry, smooth, velvety texture. Sometimes small folds appear in the center, uneven grooves on the edges of mature copies. Color from light brown to dark brown, sometimes with darker spots and lighter edge.

    Leg

    Cylindrical, length 4-8.5 cm and thickness 1-2 cm, taps to the base. The texture is similar to a hat, but painted in a more pale color and whitish in the upper part. The pulp is thick and solid, whitish, the spots appear in places of damage. Rare milk white, when dried pinkish.

    Skill

    This large mushroom is found separately or small scattered groups in broadleaved and mixed forests. Thick white flesh is hard and has a caustic taste, milky juice is much softer.

    Widespread and common in broadleaved and mixed forests throughout Britain and Ireland, where it usually fruit in huge quantities, this massive milk cap is found throughout Europe, from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean. I have not met any recent references to this form found in North America.

    Hat

    By the time the hat is completely revealed, it blends and cracks. Diameter from 10 to 25 cm (sometimes more than 30 cm). At first convex, but soon becomes centrally pressed. First, white, then yellow and ultimately with brown areas, covered with thin flisher fibers.

    Gills

    Straight, initially white, but soon stained in brown, often with spots. In case of damage, gills exude abundant, lightweight white milk.

    Leg

    It is painted in the same way as the hat, a cylindrical shape or slightly taps to the base, a diameter of 2 to 4 cm and a length of 4 to 7 cm.

    Inedible false waves

    Double-hazardous doubles resemble externally edible specimens, but unlike conditionally suture waves, even after preparation, are poisonous, and the eskin falls into intensive care, and not to a gastroenterologist.

    The miller is his stud

    Grows in more humid, but not constantly swampy places in mycorrhous with birch.

    Hat

    Up to 60 mm in diameter, creamy pink. Shape flat funnel, sometimes with a noticeable central protrusion. The edge is strongly bent. Surface (especially in young fruit bodies) noticeably rough. The color is purple-red. Circles of darker shades, the darkest circle in the middle, brighten to the edge.

    Leg 20-60 x 8–12 mm, irregularly cylindrical, corrugated, bald, matte, color looks like a hat. Crispy flesh, pleasant fruit aroma. White milk tastes, becomes sharper after a while.

    Mlick sticky

    Dull-spinning color, a rather mucous mushroom occurs under beech trees in most of the mainland Europe.

    Hat

    Dull green-gray or olive-gray, sometimes with a pinkish tint, with darker watery, pressed rings and spots, convex, a small central cavalry develops, from 4 to 9 cm across. Mucosa during wet weather.

    Gills

    Numerous, white, gradually become creamy, when cutting gray-yellow. In case of damage, a large amount of white milk is distinguished, when drying, it is gray.

    Leg

    Pale gray, cylindrical or slightly narrowed to the base, length from 3 to 7 cm, diameter from 0.9 to 2 cm. There is no stem ring. The mushroom is not distinguished from red pepper.

    Mleeper Mlechik (bitter)

    It is found in large numbers under the spruce, pine trees, birch in places with acidic soil in most parts of mainland Europe, in North America.

    Hat

    From 4 to 10 cm in diameter, dark red-brown and dry, matte, slightly sticky in raw weather. First convex, takes the shape of a funnel as the fruit body matures. Often, when the hat expands to the funnel, a small central umbrella appears.

    Gills

    Pale red-cream-cream are weak, often located, as they grow older, become spotty. In case of damage, water-white milk is released, it tastes at first soft, but later it becomes very bitter and caustic.

    Leg

    Diameter from 5 to 20 mm and height from 4 to 9 cm, smooth and the same color as the hat or a little paler. There is no core ring.

    Poisoning with waves. Symptoms and signs

    Often people:

  • violate the rules for processing freshly combined mushrooms;
  • The ingredients do not dose correctly;
  • do not comply with cooking recipes;
  • forget that they have problems with the stomach and other internal organs.
  • In all these cases, the ethnic groups receive intestinal disorders, weak or moderate poisoning.

    Symptoms and signs of mild poisoning by mushrooms appear after 1-6 hours. Man is sick, dizzy, stomach hurts. The condition lasts 1-2 days, then remission gradually occurs.

    To alleviate the condition, give sorbents, put an enema, cause vomiting. This is first aid. Be sure to contact the infectious department where they will take tests and prescribe treatment.

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    Comments: 1
    1. Fredrick

      I read this article completely about the difference of
      most recent and previous technologies, it’s remarkable article.

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