Equatorial forests occupy the territory of the River basin of the Congo and the Gulf of Guinee. Their part is approximately 8% of the total continent area. This natural zone is unique. There is no particular difference between seasons here. The average temperature is held at about 24 degrees Celsius. The annual rainfall is 2000 millimeters, and it rains almost every day. The main weather indicators are high heat and humidity.
The equatorial forests of Africa are wet rain and are called the term “giles”. If you look at the forest from a bird’s eye view (from a helicopter or aircraft), then it resembles a green violent sea. In addition, several rivers flow here, and they are all fullflowing. During the floods, they spread, and exit the shores, filling a large area of land. Guiles lie on red-yellow ferralite soils. Since they contain iron, it gives the ground red tint. There are not many nutrients in them, they are washed out by waters. Also affects the soil the sun.
Flora of Gileya
More than 25 thousand types of flora lives in the equatorial forest of Africa, of which a thousand are only trees. They are wrapped in vines. Trees form thick thickets in the upper tiers. Shrubs grow slightly lower than the level, and even lower herbs, mosses, creeping plants. There are 8 tiers in these forests in total.
Gileya is an evergreen forest. The leaves on the trees last about two, and sometimes three years. They do not fall at the same time, but are replaced alternately. The most common species are as follows:
Animals and birds are found in all tiers of the forest. There are a huge number of monkeys here. These are gorillas and monkeys, chimpanzees and baboons. In the crowns of the trees there are birds bananaeaters, woodpeckers, fruit pigeons, as well as a huge variety of parrots. Lizards, pythons, shrews and various rodents crawl on Earth. A lot dwells in the equatorial forest of insects: a fluff of the tseces, bees, butterflies, mosquitoes, dragonflies, termites and others.
In the African equatorial forest, special climatic conditions have been formed. Here the rich world of flora and fauna. Human influence here is minimal, and the ecosystem is almost untouched.