On the northern and southern hemispheres of our planet, outside the equatorial region, subtropical forests spread out of the emerald train. They borrowed their name from the climatic zone on which are located. Here you can find a wide variety of trees: evergreen oaks, myrte, laurels, cypresses, junipers, rhododendrons, magnolias and many evergreen shrubs.
Zones of subtropical forests
Subtropical forests are found in Central America, West Indies, India, Madagascar, Material Southeast Asia and the Philippines. They are located mainly between the tropics at a latitude of 23.5 ° and moderate zones. This usually applies to latitudes 35-46.5 ° to the north and south of the equator. Depending on the volumes of precipitation falling, they are still divided into wet and dry subtropics.
Dry subtropical forests stretch from the Mediterranean to the east, almost to the Himalayan mountains.
Wet tropical forests can be found:
As well as on the territory of New Zealand.
Climate of subtropical forests
For the zone of dry subtropics, the Mediterranean climate with dry warm summer and cool rainy winter is characteristic. The average air temperature in the warm months reaches more than +200C, in the cold season of the year from +40C. The frosts are extremely rare.
Wet subtropical forests grow in similar temperature conditions. The main difference is that the climate here is predominated by continental or monsoon, as a result of which the precipitation is plentiful and more evenly distributed throughout the year.
A subtropical climate can occur at heights in the tropics, for example, in the southern part of the Mexican plateau, in Vietnam and Taiwan.
An amazing fact, but most of the deserts of the world are within the subtropics, thanks to the development of the subtropical ridge.
The soil of subtropical forests
Thanks to soilforming breeds, a kind of relief, hot and arid climate, a traditional type of soil for dry subtropical forests are serousy, with a low humus content.
Redozers and yellowzemi are characteristic of wet subtropics. They are formed with a set of such factors as:
Subtropical forests of Eurasia
On the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and in Crimea, you can also find subtropical forests. Among the trees, oak, beech, grab, linden, maple and chestnut are most often found. Delighted the gaze of boxwood, laurelly, rhododendron. It is impossible not to fall in love with the spicy smells of pines, fir, juniper of evergreen cypress. No wonder these territories have long attracted numerous tourists with their soft climate and healing properties of air itself, soaked in aromas of centuriesold trees.