Bioplastic – what are bioplastics

Bioplastic

Bioplastics are a variety of materials that have a biological origin and decompose without problems in nature. This group includes various raw materials used in all kinds of fields. Such materials are made of biomass (microorganisms and plants), which is environmentally friendly to the environment. After their exploitation in nature, they decompose into compost, water, and carbon dioxide. This process is influenced by environmental conditions. It is not affected by the rate of biodegradation. For example, plastic, obtained from oil, decomposes much faster than the plastic of Bioperine.

Bioplastic

Classification of bioplastic

Various types of bioplastics are conditionally divided into such groups:

  • The first group. It includes plastics of partially biological and biological origin, which do not have the ability of biochemical decomposition. There are PE, PP, and PET. This also includes polymers of bio per and ptt, TPC-s
  • The second. This group includes plastics of bioplastic, amenable to bioplastic. This is PLA, PBS, and PH
  • The third group. The materials of this group were obtained from minerals, therefore, biodegrades are. This is PBAT

The International Chemistry Organization criticizes the concept of “bioplastic” since this term misleads people. The fact is that people who know little about the properties and benefits of bioplastic can accept it as an environmentally friendly material. It is more relevant to apply the concept of “polymers of biological origin”. There is no hint of environmental benefits in this name, but only emphasizes the nature of the material. Thus, bioplastics are no better than traditional synthetic polymers.

Modern bioplastic market

Today, the bioplastic market is represented by various materials made from renewable resources. Bioplastics from sugarcane and corn are popular with popularity. They give starch and cellulose, which are, in fact, natural polymers, from which it is possible to get plastic.

Corn bioplastics are produced by companies such as Metabolix, NatureWorks, CRC, and Novamont. Materials of the Braskem enterprise are made from sugarcane. Castor oil has become raw material for bioplastic, which is produced by Arkema. From polymeric acid manufacturer “Sanyo Mavic Media Co Ltd.» Made a biodegradable CD. From potatoes, the company “Rodenburg Biopolymers” receives bioplastics. At the moment, the manufacture of bioplastic from renewable raw materials is in demand, scientists are constantly representing new samples and development in this direction.

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