The mushroom is an umbrella white (lat. Macrolepiota Excoriata) belongs to the group of plate. Has plates of white, grayish, brown. The mushroom received a mixed reputation, someone identifies it as inedible, someone classifies it to conditionally edible, due to similarity with fly agaric. It has a nondescript appearance and a particularly unremarkable appearance, even resembles an inedible look.
Distinctive features of this fungus Tender texture, magnificent aroma and lack of great trouble when cooking dishes. Belongs to a variety of edible mushrooms of the 3rd taste category.
What the white umbrella looks like
Hats of convex shape, closing the leg resembling an elongated egg. In the process of growth, the hat takes on a form similar to an umbrella. The edges of the hat are covered with flakes. Predominantly white, it is a light brown, coffee hue. Having touched it, you can note a dry surface, lack of mucus, matte structure. The hat is distinguished by fleshy, hollow, consistency, but easily breaks when pressed.
Sporebearing layer of plate type. White plates, with age acquire a grayish, brown shade. Has a high leg up to 14 cm in length. The leg has a dense, fibrous structure. The color of the legs is white, at the base it has a brownish color.
When the flesh is white or grayish, it breaks easily. The taste of the pulp is tart, the smell is pronounced.
How they spread and gather
Are in a temperate belt, most commonly found in Europe of America. The white umbrella loves the soil rich in humus, grows in the field, in the meadow, pasture, arable land. Can settle compact groups or one at a time. Actively fruit from the beginning of spring and until the end of autumn.
The mushroom grows in the form of a chain, which allows mushroom pickers to collect a large crop at once at a time. Due to toxic waste, chemicals, emissions from industrial facilities, this species is prohibited from collecting along the tracks and roads.
The presence of heavy rain and sunny weather in the summer, provide mushroom pickers with an excellent mushroom harvest. White umbrella settles on open clearings of coniferous and deciduous forests. It is necessary to carefully prepare not only the collection, but also the transportation of mushrooms. Wicker basket is best suited for this purpose. The hats will remain and will not break.
How to use
When cooking for food, preliminary heat treatment is not required. Culinary culinary culinary can immediately fry it, scalp or extinguish it. The most popular dishes from this fungus will be a cream SUP, as well as a recipe where you need to fry hats in the whole way in creamy sauce. Due to the stiffness of the legs are not consumed. When dried, used as a seasoning.
The white mushroom has bright taste and is very appreciated in cooking.
The number of this species is reduced over time. The reason for this was numerous fires, a number of environmental disasters that reduce the population population. The situation requires security measures that could protect the forest prohibiting deforestation and environmental pollution.
It is not recommended for use by lactating or pregnant women, allergies and young children.
How to grow at home
In its own section, the white mushroom can be grown through disputes or mycelium. The mushroom prefers the soil rich in calcium. It grows best in a natural environment, in the forest.