Belaya water lily is a perennial herbaceous plant. Its length can vary from a meter to two. This water plant belongs to the family of the jugs, to the class of dicotyledonous.
Where it grows
The water lily grows in Europe, namely in Scandinavia, in the Balkans and in the European part of Eurasia. You can meet this amazing plant in the North Caucasus, in the Eastern Transcaucasia, in Asia Minor. The jug is occupied by Crimea and Belarus. The plant can only be found in standing or “slow” waters: in lakes and ponds.
The rhizome of the water lily is creeping, large oval leaves depart from it. Flowers on which white flowers with green fourleaf cups will be located to the rhizome. These flowers will be on the water surface, usually they do not exude a strong aroma. The water lilia has a lot of stamens and one pestle whose stigma is radiant. Often the petals of the outer circle become stamens. The fruits of the water lilie outwardly resemble berries and are called multileaflets, they ripen under water. Straps in the plant lanceolate.
The roots of this plant have brown color, they are floating and strong. On their surface are petioles. There are many air channels inside the rhizome that help the plant breathe. Erect stews, crosssection of these parts are round. The color of the stems depends on the age of the water lily: in the young plant they are green, and in the old burgundy. The leaves to the stems are not attached and swim freely.
White jug blooms in the summer, namely in JuneJuly. The plant is pollinated by beetles. After the fertilization has happened, the peduncle begins to twist in a spiral, the flower goes under the water and its fruits ripen there. Further, the multileaflet breaks up, the seeds appear on the surface of the water. After displeased, they fall to the very bottom, where they germinate.
The flowering itself is an unforgettable event. The flowers bloom in almost a few minutes, during the day they repeat the path of the sun, changing their position. In the evening, buds go under water. When the weather is rainy or windy, the flowers of the plant do not emerge. So, if the bud buds did not open at the beginning of the day, in the evening there will be rain.
Description of the healing properties of a white water lily
The white jug is very often used in folk medicine. The composition of the plant includes tannins and starch, oxalic acid with flavonoids. Because of this, the water lily has an analgesic and antipyretic effect. A decoction of this plant can also help with stress or insomnia.
To prevent hair loss, the decoction of the water lily is mixed with beer, after which they wash the head with this composition. For the preparation of infusions, use flowers and leaves that are best collected in June. Sometimes rhizomes are collected for these purposes, from which petioles and small roots are then torn off. Raw materials are often dried in room with good ventilation.
White jug is rarely sick. The plant can affect the pests such as aphids. This pest kills buds. Water from Shegla and insecticides will help to cope with this.
Belaya jug is listed in the Red Book of Eurasia. At the moment, this species is considered vulnerable due to the shallowing of reservoirs and their drying, although many plants were destroyed back in the 60s of the last century, but in the 90s the number of plants caused special concerns. The largest population of water lily is in the Kuban River Delta.
The jug is actively guarded in the Primorsky Territory, namely in the reserve located in the Azov. In St. Petersburg and Tver there are seedlings of this plant. Belaya jug is also introduced in KubSU.
In the days of Ancient Russia, it was believed that a white water liliary in could save from misfortune, they used this plant as a charm from evil forces. The people of the water lily was a symbol of beauty and mercy, it was often called overcome-grass. At this time, there was a belief that stated that nymphs live on plant petals. The jug also reminded the ancestors of the mermaid, because the rhizome outwardly similar to the tail of a mythical creature. In June there was a rossal week. The ancestors believed that these days the water lilies turn into a girl. The girls did not bathe this week, they were afraid that they would be shook mermaids.
- The white jug was studied only in the 19th century.
- Despite the fact that water lilies love shallow water, they are able to grow at a threemeter depth.
- Only the leaves of the plant are on the water surface, but this is practically not visible from the shore.
- All parts of the plant are covered with a special substance that protect the plant from dirt. Based on this substance, paints were created.
- White water lilies are one of the most ancient covering “.
- During the Middle Ages, people believed that the flowers of this plant are aphrodrosa. Alchemists collected them to create a love potion.
- There are a lot of starch in the roots of the water lilies, which the ancestors used to create baking. They dried the roots and plug them, getting flour.
- Leave leaves can reach 40 cm in diameter, they have a dark green color.
- Plant flowering lasts about 4 days.