Russula delica mushroom body or white (as names) is mainly white from below, with yellow-brown or brownish marks on a hat. In the ground, the mushroom sits on a short strong stem. The mushroom is edible, it is considered poor in Europe, in Eurasia they eat it with pleasure, and mushroom pickers compare the taste with the taste of the ordinary sodium. The mushroom is difficult to find. It is buried in the ground, covered with forest garbage.
It is often confused with other white species of Russian and some white views of lactarius. But in fact, white loads belongs to the genus of raw mushrooms. When cutting, the fruit body of the fungus does not emit milky juice. For the first time, Bely’s subloads were described by the Swedish mycologist Elias Magnus Fris in 1838, his specific epithet Delica in Latin means “taken away from the chest”.
Macroscopic description of white subgr would
Bazidiocarpas (fruit bodies) Russula delica does not seem to not want to leave the mycelium and often mushrooms find half buried, and sometimes growing hypogenic. As a result, the hats with the growth of the fungus often capture the surrounding sheet garbage and the soil with rough surfaces.
Has a noticeable size, from 8 to 20 cm across. At first it is convex with a central hollow, quickly develops into a funnel. The cuticle is white, creamy-white, with hoarse-yellow tones and more noticeable spots on mature copies. The flesh of the hat is dry, thin, matte, difficult to separate, smooth in young and rough in mature specimens. The edge of the hat is spiral, lobed. Often the hat is dotted with traces of dirt, grass and leaves.
Gills descend to the leg, brittle, wide, ventricular, moderately dense, with lamellas. Their color is white, slightly creamy, the plates are slightly stained in the color of ocher when damaged. Sometimes they emit transparent juice like drops of water.
Cylindrical, short relative to the diameter of the hat, from 3 to 7 in length and from 2 to 3 cm in diameter, hard, fragile, continuous, without the central cavity. The color of the legs is white, stained in cream tones in maturity.
The flesh of the mushroom
Dense, brittle, white, eventually acquiring yellowish tint. Her smell is fruit in young specimens and somewhat unpleasant, fish in overripe mushrooms. The sweet taste becomes somewhat spicy, especially in the gills, when ripening. People tasted people with spicy, sharp.
Chemical reaction: iron sulfate changes the color of the flesh to orange.
Disputes: creamy white, ovoid, with a delicate warty pattern, 8.5-11 x 7-9.5 μm.
Where the white subloads grow
The mushroom is common in moderate zones of Europe and Asia, the Eastern Mediterranean. This is a thermophilic appearance, which appears during hot periods, often halfdecayed after summer and autumn rains. Prefers deciduous forests, but also occurs among coniferous plantings.
Edible qualities of a white subjoice
Some people find it delicious even in raw form, others believe that the mushroom is edible, but unpleasant, with a poor taste. In Cyprus, Greek Islands, in Eurasia, Ukraine and other countries, a huge number of Russula Delica are collected and consumed every year. People pick up mushrooms in oil, vinegar or brine after prolonged boiling.
Another feature that limits the use in cooking is the difficulty in cleaning, the hats are almost always dirty, you have to clean them and wash thoroughly. In addition, this mushroom appears in the forest when it is still warm, and insects lay larvae into it.
Is the white loads harmful to humans
This mushroom will not harm after heat treatment and long suction/pickling. But, like all pickled products, a highprotein mushroom will have a negative effect on the kidneys if you eat too much at a time.
White loads will not harm if you follow the rules for the preparation and use of forest mushrooms.
Mushrooms similar to white loads
Zelenovatoplastin is very similar and often confused with the light of white. Distinguish on a turquoise strip at the place of attachment of gills to a hat and an unpleasant, sharp smell.
The violin is highlighted by bitter milk, which insects do not like, so worm mushrooms do not meet. Milky juice makes this mushroom conditionally sedentary, but not poisonous.