Wild plants photos and description, species and where they grow

There are a huge number of wild plants in our world, which can be useful for humans or harm, which varies from ordinary and small damage to death, if you do not take measures in a timely manner. Many of the plants that grow in the wild are used for use in medicine, and not only in folk.


Differences from cultural species

Wild plants are unpretentious to the soil and they do not need care. Where the seed will fall, a sprout will appear there, and over time a fullfledged copy will grow. With cultivated plants, everything is more complicated, because they need careful care, they are very picky for the soil, temperature around, lighting and other factors that have to be constantly observed for. Among other things, getting rid of wild cultures is much more difficult, because they grow in mass quantities and try their best to dig into the ground to avoid death.

Margarita meadow

Classification by life forms

Any type of plant has many life forms and classifications in which they are described. But in our time, the lists of Serebryakov and Raunkye are considered the best and most recognized as the most recognized. Both scientists agreed that there are five main forms in the world, and all the rest are derivatives:

  1. Terophytes no plant kidney. They begin to wither and die by the end of the flowering season. (Mac, buckwheat, chamomile, etc.)
  2. Cryptophytes shoots whose buds are located at a rather large depth. (Potatoes, water lilies, lilies of the valley, tulips, etc.)
  3. Hemicriptophytes the depth of the kidney location is small, usually along with the soil or slightly lower. (Strawberries, dandelion, barvinus, etc.)
  4. Hamefites the roots of these plants and their kidneys are slightly above the Earth, do not go in depth. In winter, they are covered with a small layer of snow. (Cranberries, lingonberries, blueberries, etc.)
  5. Fanerophytes this form mainly belongs to trees, their kidneys are located high above the ground.

Thistle prickly

Edible plants

The collection of wild plants is with accuracy, because instead of something harmless, a copy that will poison a person can come across. But there are quite a few edible species:

Dry. Shrubs whose leaves are suitable for food and in their own way are similar to mint.


Burdock. They usually use young shoots, because the old ones lose their taste. You can eat roots in any form, whether it be raw or fried. It should be more careful with a burdock, because in large quantities it can poison the body.


Blooming Sally. Processes common in the CIS, which can be eaten boiled. The roots are sweet, so they are often added to herbal tea instead of sugar.

Blooming Sally

Rogoz. It is rarely eaten, but still it belongs to edible plants. Rhizomes are suitable for cooked or fried.


Dandelion. The most common flower that everyone saw. The leaves are bitter, so it is best to pour them with boiling water in advance.

Dandelion medicinal

Cuff. Shrub with edible foliage.


Sagebrush. It is usually not used as food, but it can often be detected in seasoning, since worms of wormwood have a kind of bitterness.


Porey. In time the war was a frequent snap snack. It can be eaten both raw and prepared.


Troll flower. It has toxic roots, which in no case should be consumed, but young buds have a rather bright taste.

Troll flower

The licorice is naked. She has a sweet and edible root.

The licorice is naked

Goose foot. A plant, each part of which can be eaten, whether it be the root, escape or leaves.

Goose foot

Shepherd’s bag. Possessed by leaves for meals.

Shepherd’s bag

The plantain is ordinary. One of the most common copies of the world fauna, it can be found in almost every accumulation of shrubs. It is used as a seasoning, usually it is served with sorrel.

The plantain is ordinary

Sorrel. Known to every flower whose leaves can provide aroma and memorable taste any dish.


Edible clover. Usually used as seasonings, and is also added to tea. Very nutritious, so it is added to soups.

Edible clover

Poisonous plants

Due to the prevalence and attractive appearance, quite a lot of poisonous plants can fall as of an insignificant person in his way. Not everyone wants to understand what surrounds them, because of which they can not only get poisoning, but also die, because the poison of some wild plants is much worse than the poison of animals. The list is extensive, but you should get acquainted with each of its representatives:

Meadow Pasternak. Has a yellow color, sprouts in the shape of an umbrella. The danger lies in the juice and finger, which contains substances that affect the skin. Psorelens, located inside the stems and on the buds of Pasternak, increase sensitivity to sunlight, as a result of which a person may have many burns and blisters. The most dangerous period is the peak of flowering, which falls at the end of summer.

Meadow Pasternak

Borschevik Sosnovsky. In appearance, it is similar to dill, but has giant dimensions: its stems reach three or even four meters in height. Juice is no less dangerous than that of Pasternak it also deprives human skin from sunlight. Burns of varying degrees and blisters appear in the affected areas, and it is not necessary to be in the heat to get injuries, just go out in the sun. Larger specimens are considered harmless, and those that are similar in size with small shrubs of 20-30 centimeters high are eaten. It was from this plant that the name of the favorite dishes borscht.

Borschevik Sosnovsky

Buttercup. Do not judge something, based only from its name or appearance. Buttercups are beautiful, clinging the eyes from afar, but its juice adversely affects the skin it causes quite severe itching. If the pollen of the flower falls into the throat, then a person may have a cough.


Sleep-grass. The people can call her a bastard. Outwardly, he is similar to the buttercup, in its poisonous properties, it also does not particularly differ from it it also causes irritation, coughing and various inflammations.


The oak is poisonous. The foliage of such a plant is glossy, nourished by juice and attracts the gaze of anyone who passes by. But the poisonous oak itself is quite dangerous, its leaves contain urushiol oil, which in allergies causes severe consequences, up to numbness.

The oak is poisonous

Delphinium. It is often called d 3, but usually this happens in rural regions. Another insidious plant belonging to the Lyutikov family. It does not resemble his brother with external characteristics at all, rather, on the contrary, it is the exact opposite of any buttercups: the buds of blue or purple, the stems are oblong and their height may exceed the growth of the average person. Contact with this flower consequences is similar to touching burning nettles. Due to beauty, it is also used as a decorative plant, but working with it must be held in gloves and without the presence of children.


Ash or inexperienced bubina. Many inflorescences of beautiful shape and bright colors form a slender bush. Often, ash is used in the role of scenery for gardens. A feature of other shrubs is the release of essential oil in large quantities. This happens mainly when the seed is maturated. Yasenets received his second name just because of this properties-bringing a match to the sprouts, which are just breaking through the ground, you can see the flashing of air in the district, although the individual itself is not scorched. Pollen of unopened bubra can cause severe burns, which manifest only after a while.

Ash or inexperienced bubina

Cleshchevina is ordinary. One of the key sources of castor oil. But in order to get oil and not suffer from numerous toxins, the plant undergoes thoroughly steam treatment. Touching such shrubs will not bear consequences, but long stay next to unprocessed copies contributes to the development of strong problems with the lungs. In extreme cases, a person may occur a fatal outcome.

Cleshchevina is ordinary

Fivelength grapes. A fairly common species of wild grapes that occurs near summer cottages or villages. It is also called girlish. The use is not suitable, since the taste immediately indicates a potential danger. It will not work to be poisoned only by a couple of berries, but by eating several handfuls can cause inflammation of the larynx.

Fivelength grapes

The buckthorn is brittle. It is most often found in the forest and similar to piercing, so it is worth paying special attention precisely to forest wild plants, because completely harmless species have many poisonous doubles.

The buckthorn is brittle

Benefit for health

It would seem that in the current realities there are medicines for most diseases, artificial vitamins that replace natural, many ways to abstract and stop being dependent on reserves of wild plants. In addition, the breeders have brought many decorative and suitable for the treatment of species, which means to turning to the wild is no longer so necessary? This is partly so, but without many wildgrowing ones it was impossible to come to the current level of medicine. The main and most common plants are considered to be:

  1. Plantain. It grows literally everywhere, starting from yards to roads. Pierces asphalt, tiles, sprouts where he is not at all happy. But the plantain is considered the most easily accessible and easytouse tool for healing cuts, bruises and other small wounds.
  2. Dandelion. Yes, it would seem, only a yellow flower, which is already tired of everyone long ago. But in folk medicine, he is still considered almost an “elixir of life”. Dandelion roots are an indispensable ingredient for the production of bloodpushing drugs. Also, he copes very well with jaundice and insomnia.
  3. Nettle. A weed, widespread and boring to every person, whether it be a resident of the city or a small village. It grows everywhere. People without delay pull out nettles with the root, but they don’t even think that this weed is rich in carotonin and vitamin C. Just like a dandelion, contributes to better blood cleansing, can help with anemia and liver diseases. Treatment of skin diseases also involves the use of nettles.


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