Insects are the most numerous class of animals on our planet. They have mastered a variety of environments. Insects settle near the water, digging in the ground, live on the surface of various soils and on plants. Some of them even use other species of animals in order to facilitate their existence. At the same time, they extract the benefits from such a neighborhood only for themselves. For example, fleas and lice live on mammals and feed on their blood. Others settled in other people’s nests and live at the expense of their owners. Such insects are called parasites. Their bright representative: a large partnopes.
Description and appearance
Another name for this insect is the shiny meat-red. She is the only representative of a kind to the family of the OS-Belestants. Parnopes has an elongated body with a length of 8 to 14 mm. These are quite large sizes for the wasp. Head, front-line and front of the abdomen of shiny blue-green color. The main part of the abdomen is reddish-red without a metallic shine. A pair of narrow wings has a light brown tint. The head is equipped with a long proboscis and paired mandibules the upper jaws. They serve as an insect for digging the holes in the ground.
Parnopes large belongs to insect parasites. And not an adult individual, but its larva. Wasp lays eggs in the nests of grumbling OS. There, the Parnopes larvae pass the entire development cycle. During growth, they feed on the larvae of the owners of the nests.
The meat-red shin prefers to settle in sandy soils with meager vegetation directly in the colonies of the sand OS Bembeks. Such places are characteristic of chantry sands, sandy slopes of roads, deserted and steppe areas. It lives in Central and Western Europe, the Mediterranean, in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, Moldova, Ukraine, the European part of Eurasia and the Southern Urals. The territory of Kazakhstan and Central Asia is also the habitat.
In the stage of the larva of the OSA of this type, it leads a parasitic lifestyle in the nests of sand OS. At the beginning of development, the posterity of Parnopes eats what females bring. This is usually not paralyzed flies. At the end of their development, carnivorous parasitoids feed on the larvae of the host and pupate in their cocoons. Adults formed by June, shine on their own collecting floral nectar. It makes up their diet. What kind of plants are the feed base of these insects at the moment is unknown.
Meat and red shiny-a rare insect. It is listed in the Red Book of Eurasia and belongs to the second category: the declining type. Since Parnopes is a parasitic look, their life depends on the number of sand OS. But the general problem of those and other webding is to reduce favorable habitats.
Degradation of steppe lands, a decrease in the areas of sandy plots are limiting factors in the spread of OS-shirts. This happens due to perepasses of livestock in the area of insects. Invetively affect the number of partnopes, the overgrowing of sandy lands with shrubs and weeds of herbs, the use of pesticides, the development of territories with various structures, the creation of garbage dumps.
Special measures to protect and restore the number of OS are not taken. Their development and implementation should be aimed at restricting human activity in sandy coastal territories and other sandy areas. The use of insecticides near the Boembeks sockets must be limited to 200 m long. And the creation of microtentists in the habitats of the shin will be the best way to restore their population.