Women’s nomad (lat. Athyrium Filix-Femina)-the type of fern of the Fern family (ATHYRIACEAE). It is found in Europe, the moderate part of Asia, North Africa and North America. The plant is grown as decorative in hundreds of varieties that differ in modifications of the leaf plate.
Women’s nomad can be planted in the fall or spring. Before planting, the soil should be mixed with compost. The plant responds well to mulching (for this it is worth using needles or other organic residues of coniferous plants). During the drought, it is recommended to water it. Fern can be fed, but the doses of fertilizers should be diluted. Does not tolerate the salinity of the soil.
Thanks to their large sizes, a female nomad can be planted near fences and walls in shady places. It is also suitable for creating forest corners and flower beds. This is a good decoration for ponds, streams and reservoirs. It should be combined with other trellicing views with decorative foliage. The fern feels good in any shady garden. It is suitable for natural growth in wooded areas and is a great addition to the shady garden of stones. He will feel good in shaded revenge or grow on the shore of a pond or stream. In the fall, this fern drops the leaves immediately after the first frosts.
This is a perennial with an underground, branched rhizome, from which many vertically developed leaves grow annually from 30 to 100 cm high. Light green leaves are funnel-shaped, collected in sockets on a horizontal rhizome. The petiole is short, yellowish or reddish, with pleonaid scales. Leaf records twice or three times cirrus, shorttailed, longlevel in shape. First-order segments are mainly twisted, with 30-60 equivalent segments of the second order on each side, peristo or pymotive-dredge. The base of the blade is often asymmetrically, the lowest middle segment is greater and parallel to sets. Spore leaves do not differ from the stamens oblong, covered with a thin persistent wrapper, located on the bottom of the segments in two rows along the main nerve. Disputes ripen from July to September.
The female fern is slowly propagated by rhizomes, forming heaps that slowly grow. Grows in rich, moist soil. Relatively good tolerates dry soil. In the sun requires constant moisture.
Where it grows
Women’s nomad is a perennial plant belonging to the Woodsiaceae family, in the wild is found in Europe, Asia, North America and North Africa.
It can be found in wet forests and thickets. The female nomad is best grows in shady places protected from the wind. In the sun he often dries or burns. Prefers fertile, humus, moderately moist soil.
After rooting, the female fern is easily naturalized and can colonize large territories. This plant is native to all of North America and cannot be considered invasive in these conditions. Moreover, in some places this plant is under threat of disappearance. And is included in the list of “vulnerable in operational”. On the territory of Eurasia, the plant is listed in the Red Book, and its population is under control.
Use by people
Natives ate roots/rhizomes after frying or baking in the pit. They were always prepared before use; Many ferns contain carcinogens, so it is recommended to be careful. Tea made from rhizomes or stems was used for various female diseases and to relieve pain. The leaves were used to cover kamas during baking, baskets for berries and for wiping fish.