12-13 years old
Spitz and primitive breeds
The progenitor of the Yamthund is a large hunting Spitz, and the breed got its name from the name of the area where Swedish cynologists originally started breeding a large hunting dog, the province of Jämtland, bordering Norway. Yamthunds are a branch of the Norwegian Elkhunds, they were singled out as an independent breed in 1946, and the FCI was recognized in 1954. Outwardly, these dogs are a bit like West Siberian Laikas, but they are not related at all.
The breed is widespread in Sweden in the Scandinavian countries, its number is quite large; Yamthunds are kept as hunting dogs, they make good guards, and they also run well in dog sleds. Assessed good health, calm disposition and distrust of strangers, inherent in the nature of these animals genetically, and public services. Yamthunds “work” in the police and military units.
Strong, but not heavy, large dog, with a straight back, muscular paws, a tucked up belly and a high ring tail. The neck is rather long, massive, the chest is wide. Ears are triangular, widely spaced, very mobile.
wolf color. Coat of all shades of grey, with dense undercoat, straight, dense. Blurry cream markings on the muzzle, belly, paws, light feathering on the tail are allowed. Strong jaws, strong paws, excellent scent. Usually these dogs are distinguished by excellent health, which, with good care, is preserved until old age.
From generation to generation, such necessary hunting qualities as endurance, perseverance in achieving the goal, courage and mental stability were fixed among the Yamthunds. Excellent performance! But they also have a downside. Endurance can turn into excessive energy, perseverance stubbornness, courage disobedience and a tendency to dominate. Therefore, the education of such a dog cannot be neglected. But with a certain perseverance, the owner will receive a reliable assistant, protector and guard, faithful and devoted.
The breed does not cause any particular difficulties in care. Golden rule: don’t overfeed! Firstly, yamthunds are prone to gaining excess weight, which is extremely unhealthy for their health, and secondly, well-fed animals lose their incentive to work they very quickly realize that “we are well fed here too”. Wool is combed out with special brushes as needed, during the molting period more often. The dog does not particularly need bathing, but if it still needs to be washed (for example, after long trips through swampy areas), then you need to make sure that the undercoat dries well, and then you need to brush. Otherwise, eczema will easily form under the wet “boots”.
Ears, as well as eyes, are treated only in case of any problems. Claws grind off on their own if the dog moves enough.
Conditions of detention
Yamthunds are working dogs. The norm of life for them is open-air cages, country houses with plots, hunting trips in the forest or service at sites. In the case of apartment maintenance, the tightness of the room should be compensated for by long walks. Well, the dog “work” yamthund should perform regularly. If the animal is aware of its need and usefulness for the owner, and also receives the necessary physical and mental stress, then it will have no reason to be mischievous and mischievous.