Russula claroflava, it is also a cheese yellow grows in a swampy earth under the birch and aspen. It has pale blond-yellow gills. It is almost impossible to confuse this fragile mushroom with any other representative of the genus. Requirements of the yellow rawhole to the habitat wet soil under the birch. A purely yellow hat and flesh slowly turn gray when cutting these are obvious distinctive features.
The habitat of the yellow raw
The mushroom is widespread in wet forests where birch trees grow, found in the northern and central part of mainland Europe, in North America on the northwestern Pacific coast. This is mainly a summer-autumn mushroom, but sometimes it appears in the spring.
The mushroom was described in 1888 by the British mycologist William Bayoter Groove (1838–1948), who gave it the binomial scientific name Russula Claroflava, which mycologists are still used in the description of this kind.
Diameter from 4 to 10 cm, the hat is first convex, then flattened, often the center is slightly pressed. Bright yellow, sometimes ocher-yellow, the surface is smooth when dried and sticky when getting wet. The cuticle exfoliates halfway to the center, the pulp under the cutter is white, slowly gray in the places of the cut or broken.
The plates of hymenophora are attached to the stem, sometimes there are no rather numerous, bifurcated gills pale-fingered, gradually darken as the fruiting body is aging.
From 10 to 20 mm in diameter and from 4 to 10 cm in height, fragile legs are first white, then they become gray with age or if damaged. The pulp is also white, and there are no rings on the leg.
Ellipsoidal disputes, 8-9.5 x 6.5-8 microns, decorated with stupid mainly insulated warts up to 0.6 microns with only several connecting threads. The spore printing is pale blond-yellow. No significant smell, soft or slightly spicy taste.
Environmental role of yellow raw
This is an ectomicorous mushroom, which creates a symbiotic connection with birch and aspen, participates in metabolic processes in the forest, decomposes fallen leaves and needles, delivers nutrients to the roots of trees.
Swearing raw. She has a hoarse-yellow hat, often greenish in the middle, bitter flesh, burning mucous membranes. A conditionally sedimentary mushroom will cause a gastrointestinal disorder in case of improper preparation.
Culinary usefulness of the cheese of yellow
There are russulas in a humid moss forest under birch, where the soil is hard enough and not viscous. Mushroom pickers collect this edible mushroom with a pleasant taste and texture, fry with onions and garlic. Yellow rawers are highly appreciated by people who eat wild mushrooms, serve to meat dishes, make delicious fillings for omelettes, or, of course, are used in mushroom soups or stews.
Poisonous mushrooms similar to the yellow rawrhyder (false)
Mushroom picnics without experience confuse it with fly agaric stunning. The poisonous mushroom has white flakes on the hat, a stem with a green ring and fringe.