White willow is a rather beautiful tree, causing increased interest and genuine delight. It is often used to create an original landscape design in large garden areas or in park zones. Few people know that the bark, leaves and earrings of this tree have the healing properties. Thanks to this, they are used not only in folk medicine, but also added to pharmacological drugs to treat various diseases.
This tree belongs to the genus of the Ivov family. The people are often called silver willow, rakita, wind. The main feature of the plant is its ability to transfer the harsh climate. Can grow both in the city and beyond. In culture, the tree is quite durable. His age can reach 100 years.
White willow is rightfully recognized as one of the most beautiful trees. Thin, spreading branches make the crown plants similar to moving lace. Thanks to this, willow is often planted in parks and near village houses. Also, a tree is often used to ennoble courtyards, squares and garden plots.
It is worth noting that this culture is propagated by seeds quite badly. This is due to the fact that they quickly lose their germination. Based on this, a vegetative method is used to breed white willow.
White willow is a large enough, sprawling tree. Its height reaches 30 cm. Crohn has a shaky shape. The diameter of the barrel is 1 m. It is covered with a gray deepcut bark. White willow has long and flexible branches. Young stems are brilliant. They can be either yellow or green and red. An adult plant has brown-red or yellow shoots.
Lancestate buds are characterized by a flattened, acute shape. They have a saturated reddish-yellow tint. The length of the kidneys is 6 mm. From them, leaves with pointed tops are formed. Their length ranges from 5-15 cm. The leaves can be petiole, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, tapering closer to the base, and pointed to the end.
It is worth noting that young leaves on both sides are covered with silver silky hairs. Adult foliage has a hairline only on the bottom. In the autumn period, leaflets change their color to a yellow-bronze tint.
White willow is a dioecious plant. Fluffy inflorescences, yellowish shade, and long green are formed on the men’s tree. The flowers do not have a perianth. Fruits are a box on a leg with a large number of small seeds. It is worth noting that white willow blooms in April-May.
Where it grows
The range of species is Europe (the exception is the extreme north), Western Siberia, Maly Asia, Iran, Kazakhstan. This culture is also growing in North America and Central Asia. Quite common in Central Eurasia.
Under natural conditions, quite often you can see on the floods, along the banks of rivers, arches, ponds and ponds, on dams, embankments, slopes, along roads and near private houses. It is interesting to note that white willow forms rather large groves, stretching for many kilometers. Often it is bred as a cultivated plant. However, it often grinds at the site of plantings.
The leaves and bark of white willow contain tannins, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, organic acids. Due to this, the tree has the following properties:
In addition to leaves and bark, male wood earrings also have useful properties. They have a choleretic, diuretic, and anthelmintic effect.
It is worth noting that the infusion and decoction of the bark helps to remove uric acid from the body. Such funds are recommended to drink with gout and arthritis. The decoction is also used to rinse the oral cavity in inflammatory processes. In addition, many scientists believe that white willow has a calming effect on people, and also helps to relax. Due to the large content of the tannins, the plant is used to treat sunburn.
Application and contraindications
Belaya willow has been actively used in pharmacology, folk medicine and cosmetology for many years. This is due to its healing properties and an extensive spectrum of effect on the body. However, cortexbased products, leaves and earrings have a number of contraindications that should be known about.
Application in pharmacology
Quite often, white willow is added to drugs intended for treatment:
Often, white willow extract can be found in medicines for the treatment of digestive organs.
Use in folk medicine
There are many recipes based on this tree transmit from generation to generation. From the bark, leaves and earrings of willow, decoctions and tinctures are prepared, eliminating diarrhea, fever, fever, and a number of other ailments.
Application in cosmetology
The bark of white willow is included in the composition of creams and lotions for the care of problem skin and body skin. It contains salicycle to improve metabolic processes in the upper layer of the epidermis, as well as the normalizing function of the sebaceous glands.
In addition, shampoos, masks and hair balms are created on the basis of willow bark. They improve the structure of curls, enhancing their growth.
Like any plant with medicinal properties, white willow has a number of contraindications. It should be refused in the following cases:
- chronic constipation or bradycardia;
- during pregnancy (a large amount of salicylic acid can cause fetal pathology);
- the presence of diabetes;
- in liver diseases;
- exacerbations of gastritis.
Also, drugs, decoctions and tinctures are not recommended for children under 16 years of age, as well as people with high sensitivity to aspirin.
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